فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:1 Issue: 1, Winter 2020
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1399/08/07
  • تعداد عناوین: 12
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  • Maryam Shekofteh Page 1
  • Hasan Ashrafi rizi *, Zahra Kazempour Page 2

    The domain of children’s health is one of the essential parts of the health system. In crises, one of the most vulnerable groups is children, and it is necessary to predict essential planning in advance to support them. Such programs need to be prepared to meet the many information needs of chil-dren in crisis; this information should be varied and tailored to the type of children’s questions. In the Covid-19 crisis, children had different experiences as a sensitive group. They were forced to abandon many natural habits and activities and live and act with certain restrictions. These limitations themselves led to the formation of new information needs, as well as the typology of children’s information. In this article, we try to describe and explain the authors’ views about this type of information. Typology of children’s information in crises helps professionals to identify the types of children’s information needs and prepare themselves to respond to them. Besides, this typology helps researchers conduct new research. Furthermore, this diversity of information also helps educators, the media, and families to respond to children’s questions appropriately during crises; because these questions are natural

  • Rahil Hafezi, Azam Shahbodaghi*, Maryam Kazerani, Azam Moslemi, Hamed Nasibi Sis Page 3
    Introduction

    Increasing productivity in academic libraries can be due to knowledge management. The successful implementation of knowledge management requires appropriate infrastructures. In this study, to determine the level of readiness of SBMU-affiliated libraries and to implement knowledge management, the infrastructure of the management approach, organizational culture, human resources, organizational structure, and information technology has been examined.

    Methods

    The descriptive-survey research method was used to determine the status of the infra-structures studied to obtain the opinions of 58 librarians working in the libraries of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire. The opinions of 10 experts obtained to analyze the qualitative validity. Content validity ratio (CVR) and content validity index (CVI) was calculated to analyze the quantitative content validity and the valid-ity of each item, which was considered 62% and 79%, respectively. Cronbach’s alpha was also used to measure reliability, which was 0.92, indicating that reliability is appropriate. A 5-point Likert scale was used to weigh a 50- item questionnaire. For each infrastructure, the mean of fewer than three scores, undesirable; 3-4 score, moderate; and above four scores, desirable was considered.

    Results

    The mean obtained for the infrastructures of the management approach was 2.72, orga-nizational structure 2.66, organizational culture 3.13, human resources 3.26, and technology 3.21, respectively.

    Conclusion

    The status of the two infrastructures of management approach and organizational structure was undesirable, and the three infrastructures of organizational culture, human resources, and technology were at a moderate level. Consequently, these infrastructures need investment and exceptional attention to provide a suitable platform for the implementation of knowledge manage-ment in the SBMU-affiliated libraries.

    Keywords: Knowledge Management, Management Approach, Organizational Culture, Organizational Structure, Information Technology, Human Resources, Academic Libraries, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
  • Zeynab Sepahvand, Fatemeh Sheikhshoaei*, Seyed Javad Ghazimirsaeed, Hamideh Ehtesham Page 4
    Introduction

    Lack of talent management in any organization makes talented employees unwilling to create new values and strategies. Therefore, this research aimed to identify and compare the cur-rent and favorable status of talent management in libraries of selected medical sciences universities of Tehran city.

    Methods

    This descriptive-analytical research was conducted by the survey method. The study pop-ulation included 130 librarians working in central and faculty libraries in the medical sciences uni-versities of Tehran city. The data collection tool was William J. Rothwell’s questionnaire. Friedman test was used to compare and rank the components and Wilcoxon test used to compare the current and favorable status.

    Results

    The findings showed that each of the current statuses of seven components of librarians’ talent management is in the range of 2.34 - 3.66 at a relatively favorable level. The “Assessing personal performance” has gained the first rank in the current status of talent management compo-nents. Each of the seven components of librarians’ talent management is in the range of 3.67-5 at a favorable level. The mean of current and favorable status is 2.801 and 4.272, respectively. There is a significant difference between the current and favorable status of talent management from the viewpoint of librarians (p-value<0.001).

    Conclusion

    The current status of talent management has a gap with its favorable status. Library managers are recommended, to bridge this gap, to identify talents and seek to recruit, develop, educate, and maintain them, as well as educating talented individuals to learn specialized skills

    Keywords: Talent Management, Succession Planning, Central Libraries, College Libraries, University of Medical SciencesIran
  • Hossein Motahari Nezhad, Maryam Shekofteh *, Sara Jambarsang Page 5
    Introduction

    The number of citations is a factor in evaluating the quality of scientific articles. The present study aims to examine the factors affecting the citation rate of cardiovascular articles.

    Methods

    In this scientometrics study, the research population is all cardiovascular articles in 2014 in Web of Science (WOS), which include a sample of 381 articles studied. Pearson correlation co-efficient, Mann–Whitney, Kruskal–Wallis, and Bonferroni tests were used to examine the impact of article features on citations.

    Results

    The results indicated that all quantitative variables (title length, number of authors, author’s H-index, journal IF, number of pages, number of author’s keywords, number of keywords-plus, number of references)had a significant relationship with the number of citations (p-value<0.001), except for the number of article keywords. All of the qualitative variables (title length, number of authors, author’s H-index, journal IF, number of pages, number of author’s keywords, number of keywords-plus, number of references) also affect the number of citations (p-value<0.001). Open access articles, articles with the first author from Australia and North America, articles with inter-national collaboration, and meta-analysis articles have received the more citation rate.

    Conclusion

    Paying attention to the factors affecting the citation rate of cardiovascular articles can be of help to cardiovascular centers for policy- making and researchers in determining the research approach. In this way, they are able to improve the citation of their works

    Keywords: Citation, H-index, Impact Factor, Research quality, Study Design, Scientific Collaboration, Cardiovascular Articles, Scientometrics
  • Sholeh Zakiani, Saeid Ghaffari* Page 6
    Introduction

    Identifying the human resources’ personality traits as the most predominant factor in achieving organizational goals and their impact on their creativity and self-efficacy is essential to improve the quality and quantity of an organization’s performance. This study aimed to investi-gate the relationship between personality traits and self-efficacy and librarians’ creativity at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences libraries.

    Methods

    In this descriptive correlational study, the statistical population included all librarians of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences (N=50). The study instruments consisted of three ques-tionnaires of the NEO Personality Inventory, Sherer’s general Self-efficacy Scale, and Raudsepp’s creativity scale. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to test the correlation between personality traits with self-efficacy and creativity.

    Results

    The findings revealed a significant relationship between librarians’ creativity and Extra-version, openness to experience, and agreeableness. Besides, there was a significant relationship between personality traits of neuroticism and extraversion with librarians’ self-efficacy (P <0.01).

    Conclusion

    As the impact of personality dimensions on the self-efficacy and the creativity of the librarians, decision-makers and planners should pay particular attention to the personality compo-nents of librarians. Creativity and self-efficacy among librarians and other staff can be nurtured by conducting behavioral counseling courses to see greater efficiency and productivity in the organi-zation environment.

    Keywords: Creativity, Self-efficacy, Personality traits, Librarians, Academic libraries, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
  • Maryam Moqiseh, Maryam Kazerani*, Maryam Shekofteh Page 7
    Introduction

    Considering the marketing importance in libraries and information centers, this study aims to identify and compare 4Ps marketing mix components, including product, place, price, and promotion activities in libraries of medical sciences universities in Tehran.

    Methods

    This research is an analytical survey performed in three central libraries and 36 faculty libraries of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, and Iran Universities of Medical Sciences. The survey ques-tionnaire includes 48 questions about the 4Ps marketing mix.

    Results

    The mean score of product, place, and promotion marketing mix in Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, and Iran Universities of Medical Sciences is 2.91, 2.55, and 2.22 out of four, respectively. Their total average in price is also 0.31out of one. The highest average score of the product mix is 2.97 in Shahid Beheshti and Tehran Universities of Medical Sciences. The highest average place mix score is 2.62 in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. The highest averages score of promotion mix is 2.30 in Shahid Beheshti and Tehran Universities of Medical Sciences. Also, the highest average score of the price, 0.34, obtained by Iran University of Medical Sciences. ANOVA test showed no significant difference among the average score of 4Ps marketing mix in the intend-ed Universities (P> 0.05).

    Conclusion

    The survey shows that the product, place, and promotion marketing mix get an av-erage score, but the price is the least. Considering the powerful competitors of the libraries in this virtual age, librarians should play an essential role in appraising and develop the current state of libraries.

    Keywords: Marketing MixAcademic, LibrariesMedical, Science Universities
  • Zahra Azami, Fereydoon Azadeh, Fatemeh Sheikhshoaei* Page 8
    Introduction

    Emotional intelligence is non-cognitive intelligence that includes recognizing emo-tions and using them correctly. The use of emotional intelligence in libraries can be vital to librar-ians’ success in dealing with users. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the com-ponents of emotional intelligence in librarians working in libraries of selected medical sciences universities in Tehran.

    Methods

    The study method is a survey. The study population included all 110 librarians working in 27 libraries of the faculties of Tehran, Iran, and Shahid Beheshti Universities of Medical Sci-ences. The standard questionnaire of Bradberry and Greaves emotional intelligence was used to collect the data. The mean and standard deviation were used to present the emotional intelligence score, student’s t-test was used to examine the difference in emotional intelligence between male and female. The Pearson correlation coefficient was used to examine the relationship between emotional intelligence and age.

    Results

    The results revealed that the average score of self-awareness is 83.5, self-management is 69.7, social awareness is 72.1, relationship management is 67.5, and the overall emotional intel-ligence is 73.3. There was no significant difference between male and female librarians in terms of emotional intelligence, but there was a positive and significant relationship between emotional intelligence and age.

    Conclusion

    The results showed that emotional intelligence and its components in librarians work-ing in medical universities are at the favorable level, but significantly are far from the ideal score. Consequently, the use of practical methods and workshops in universities is recommended to boost librarians’ emotional intelligence.

    Keywords: Emotional Intelligence, Academic Libraries, Medical Librarian, Universities of Medical SciencesIran
  • Mitra Zarei*, Leili Allahbakhshian farsani, Payman Janani Page 9
    Introduction

    In the flow of information and scientific communication, two formal and informal relationships are measured through co-authorship. The present study aims to discover the gate-keeper nodes in both types of scientific communication and seek to strengthen the health cycle of medical genetics information.

    Methods

    This research is applied in terms of purpose, and in terms of nature and method, it is a kind of mixed research, including survey method, scientometrics, and interview and social network anal-ysis. The research population was the researchers in the field of medical genetics in seven selected centers. First, using centrality indicators, gatekeepers were discovered in the formal communication structure. Then, interviewing formal gatekeepers, the gatekeeper’s agents were identified in informal communication. The effectiveness of each gatekeeping factors in the informal scientific communica-tion process was determined using the questionnaire.

    Results

    The network size represents an average degree of 122. Opinion leaders were extracted based on centrality indicators. By interviewing with leaders, 15 units were identified as target nodes in the centers. Among them, the educational deputy had the most positive effect, and the ethics committee had the least positive effect on the research process. Six stages of informal com-munication and 24 gatekeeping factors were identified through interviews. Financial factors and time has played a more significant gatekeeping role. According to the degrees of betweenness and Eigenfactors, the most effective nodes on unofficial communications have been laboratories. Based on the closeness indicator and Eigenfactor, the Vice-Chancellor and the Ethics Committee have shown an inconsiderable impact on the research process.

    Conclusion

    The low amount of degree indicators revealed that the medical genetic communi-cation network is not efficient. Accordingly, most of the negative, informal communication is-sues are human communication factors such as professors’ characteristics. In the research process, some institutions, such as the Ethics Committee, are an inhibitor of communication

    Keywords: Social network analysis, Gatekeeping, Information gatekeepers, Medical genetics
  • Vahide Zeinali*, Arameh Abbasianchavari, Naser Vazifehshenas, Behnaz Jafari, Zohreh Mehri Azar, Jamileh Heshmatpanah Page 10
    Introduction

    COVID-19 pandemic has many physical and psychological effects on medical workers around the world. As other health workers, supporting the hospital librarians’ mental health are necessary. This study aimed to evaluate anxiety, stress, and depression levels in hospital librarians in Tehran.

    Methods

    This cross-sectional study recruited 60 hospital librarians and 60 age and gender-matched academic librarians working at Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, and Iran University of Medical Sciences from May 2020 to July 2020. An online questionnaire was used to measure librarians’ mental problems (stress, anxiety, and depression) and evaluate welfare services and facilities, which hospital/faculty administrators provide during the pandemic. Chi-square and t-test were used to compare categorical and continuous variables between hospital and academic librarians, respectively. Multivariable regression was used to adjust the confounding variables.

    Results

    Of 120 librarians, 12 (10%) librarians screened positive for stress, and 23 (19.2%) for anxiety. The prevalence of stress was higher among hospital librarians than academic ones (16.6% versus 3.3%, P=0.032). Similarly, the prevalence of anxiety was higher among hospital librarians (38.3% versus 0, P<0.001). The mean scores of stress (9.13±6.63 versus 2.70±3.48), anxiety (4.66±4.89 versus 1.83±1.85), and depression (1.63±2.34 versus 1.40±1.65) were significantly higher among hospital librarians. After adjustment for confounding variables, higher stress (B=-0.19, P=0.001), anxiety (B=-0.27, P=0.037), and depression (B=0.52, P=0.010) were observed in hospital librarians.

    Conclusions

    The findings revealed that hospital librarians are at high-risk for psychological disorders. Accordingly, early administrative and psychological interventions targeting hospital librarians may be beneficial.

    Keywords: Mental disorders, Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Hospital librarians, Academic Librarians
  • Hasan Ashrafi-rizi* < Zahra Kazempour Page 11

    Today, we sometimes see the resistance of researchers and managers of the health system to the concepts of scientometrics and their application in policy and planning, which is partly due to the inappropriate use of these concepts of science production and evaluation of researchers. Lack of sufficient knowledge about this field's benefits seems to be the main reason for this confrontation. Accordingly, researchers and managers who have a defensive attitude towards learning and using scientometrics concepts can be called "Scientometrics Immigrants," and people interested in this field can be called "Scientometrics Native." This defensive attitude can be due to aging, lack of sufficient opportunity to learn these concepts, distrust of indicators, etc. Recognizing and using scientometrics concepts (in general) in different dimensions can help other disciplines, health-related institutions, researchers, and managers in research and provide the basis for their research's quantitative and qualitative growth. Therefore, this article aims to examine scientometrics immigration and its dimensions and the role of librarians and medical informants, as well as scientometrics specialists in helping other individuals and health institutions in the field of production and dissemination of science.

    Keywords: Scientometrics Immigrants, Health researchers, Health managers, Medical Librarians
  • Mohammad Azami, Akbar Mehralizadeh, Moazeme soltani Soltaninejad* Page 12
    Introduction

    The emergence of new information and communication technologies has emphasized the importance of obtaining reliable and up-to-date information. There is a need to encourage clinical residents to use up-to-date medical evidence in clinical decision-making, which could empower their information literacy skills. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between possessing information literacy skills and competencies of evidence-based medicine by clinical residents at Kerman University of Medical Sciences (KUMS), Iran.

    Methods

    The present study was survey-based. The study population consisted of all clinical residents at KUMS. One hundred fifty participants were selected at random to participate in completing the questionnaire. The data were presented using descriptive statistics (mean; SD) and analyzed using statistical tests: Pearson correlation coefficient; linear regression; independent t-test.

    Results

    Pearson Correlation Coefficient between information literacy and evidence-based medicine was obtained 0.529 (p-value=0.001(. Also, there was a significant relationship between information literacy skills and evidence-based medicine competencies by the clinical residency. With a mean score equal to 3.22, the clinical residency’s ability as to the components "information need" and "information organization" was more than that with other information literacy skills. The clinical residents' ability to use pieces of evidence (3.09) in the evidence-based approach was also higher than that of other components in this approach.

    Conclusions

    Improving clinical residents' ability to apply information literacy skills to gain medical evidence improves their clinical decision-making performance and may lead to the improvement of health in society.

    Keywords: Information literacy, Evidence-based medicine, Evidence-based emergency Medicine, Evidence-based practice, Information seeking -behaviour