فهرست مطالب

Advanced Periodontology and Implant Dentistry - Volume:13 Issue: 2, Dec 2021
  • Volume:13 Issue: 2, Dec 2021
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1400/09/29
  • تعداد عناوین: 9
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  • Douglas Deporter, Maziar Ebrahimi Dastgurdi, Azadeh Rahmati, Eshetu G. Atenafu, Mohammad Ketabi* Pages 49-55
    Background

    This study used CBCT images to evaluate the suitability of maxillary first and second molar sites to receive immediate implants. Buccopalatal and mesiodistal widths of maxillary molar inter-radicular septum were evaluated at three different levels (crestal, middle, and apical), in addition to assessments of the root apex and furcation proximities to the sinus floor and comparisons of these measurements between the first and second upper molar sites before extraction.

    Methods

    A total of 427 dental sites from 223 patients were used to measure the buccopalatal and mesiodistal widths of inter-septal/furcal (IRS) bone of maxillary first and second molars and vertical distances from the furcation and from all the root apices to the sinus floor (SF).

    Results

    Mean coronal-most buccopalatal/mesiodistal IRS widths were 6.52/7.33 mm for the first and 5.85/6.86 mm for the second molars (P= 0.008). Corresponding mean FSD (furcation-sinus floor) values were 9.69 mm (range: 24.68-2.02 mm) and 8.84 mm (range: 25.09-1.48 mm). Mean distances from all the root apices to SF were < 3 mm. The palatal roots of the first molars had higher sinus intrusion rates (%28.85) than their buccal counterparts, while for the second molars, the mesiobuccal roots showed the highest sinus intrusion (%37.65).

    Conclusion

    In the current patient sample, %61.7 of the first and %34 of the second molars had a sufficiently broad IRS to encase a -5mm-diameter IMI (immediate molar implant) completely. The mean FSD of 9 mm for both molars indicated that some sinus floor elevation would likely be needed unless short implants were used.

    Keywords: Cone-beam computedtomography, immediate implant, inter-radicular septum, maxillary molar
  • Amir Mehrabi, Ramin Negahdari*, Feridoun Parnia, Alireza Garjani Pages 56-60
    Background

    Inflammation in the implant-abutment interface is one of the main factors that can reduce implant stability. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of chlorhexidine, tetracycline, saliva, and a dry environment on the interleukin IL-1β and interleukin IL-6 levels of the gingival groove fluid at the implant-abutment interface.

    Methods

    Twenty-four (10 men and 14 women) patients referred to the Faculty of Dentistry for implant treatment, who met the inclusion criteria, were examined. Four different materials were used in each implant, including 2% chlorhexidine, 3% tetracycline, saliva, and a dry medium. Each test material was placed inside the implant screw during the anchorage session, and the healing screw was closed. Patients were then sampled in three implantation sessions and one month after prosthesis delivery. Interstitial fluid groove was used for sampling after cleaning the mouth (half an hour after three minutes of thorough brushing). The data were analyzed with SPSS 20 using ANOVA and relevant post hoc tests.

    Results

    There was a significant difference in the mean IL-6 and IL-1β levels between the four materials (P<0.05). IL-6β levels were similar in tetracycline and chlorhexidine but significantly higher than in saliva and the dry environment (P<0.05). IL-6 and IL-1β levels in the saliva were significantly higher than in the dry environment (P<0.05).

    Conclusion

    The use of tetracycline at the junction of implant and abutment reduces the inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-1β.

    Keywords: Antiseptic, gingival crevicular fluid, IL-1β, IL-6, implant
  • Ramin Negahdari, Arezou Ghoreishizadeh, MohammadAli Ghavimi*, Atefeh Soltanpour, Sepideh Bohlouli Pages 61-68
    Background

    Perforation of the soft tissues overlying the dental implant, resulting in early and spontaneous exposure of cover screws between stages I and II of the two-staged implant placement procedure, is a common problem that can disrupt the primary repair and osseointegration process. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of spontaneous exposure of cover screws in dental implants and identify the related risk factors.

    Methods

    The present retrospective, descriptive-analytical study enrolled 40 patients with 182 dental implants in the second stage of the implant placement procedure. Data on patient-related and implant- related classified variables were collected, and all the samples were examined for cover screw exposure based on the classification by Tal. First, the overall prevalence of cover screw exposure was calculated. Then, statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 24 to investigate the effect of different variables on this exposure. The chi-squared test was used at the bivariate level, while the logistic regression was used at the multivariate level.

    Results

    Of 40 participants with182 implants, 17 implants (%9.3) in9 patients (%22.5) became exposed to the oral cavity. In terms of severity, Class I exposure was the most common with seven implants. Moreover, Class III was the least common with only one implant. Using the logistic regression analysis, we found significant relationships between the dental implant exposure and the variables of overlying mucosal thickness (OR=24.7, P≤0.001), the duration between tooth extraction and implant placement (OR=9.6, P=0.005), and implant location in the jaw (OR=3.8, P=0.033). Moreover, exposure was more common in the maxillary premolar area (%22.5) than in other locations. Also, there was a significant relationship between implant exposure and lateral augmentation (OR= 0.20, P=0.044), indicating the higher risk of exposure in implants with lateral augmentation than those without augmentation.

    Conclusion

    Despite the limitations of this retrospective study, its results showed that three factors, including the overlying mucosal thickness of < 2 mm, implant placement in fresh extraction sockets, and maxillary implants, especially at the location of maxillary premolars, were strong predictors of spontaneous implant exposure.

    Keywords: Implant, Implant screw, maxillary premolars, osseointegration
  • Abdul Ahad*, Afshan Bey, Saif Khan, MohammadSami Ahmad Pages 69-75
    Background

    Tobacco smoke is an established risk factor for periodontitis. However, few studies have evaluated the periodontal status of smokeless tobacco (SLT) users, while that of individuals with dual habits has largely been unexplored. Therefore, the current study aimed to find if the periodontal status in individuals with dual habits of smoking and SLT use is different from those with any single habit.

    Methods

    Four groups (A: exclusive smokers, B: exclusive tobacco chewers, C: individuals with dual habits, and D: non-users of tobacco), each comprising 75 males in the age group of 20 to 35 years, were selected. Along with the history of tobacco use, a modified oral hy - giene index (OHI), gingival index (GI), probing depth (PD), and the number of teeth with gingival recession (GR) were recorded. The data were assessed using the Chi-squared test, one-way ANOVA, and logistic regression. Statistical significance was set at P<0.05.

    Results

    Group C exhibited the highest mean OHI scores, with 94.66% of participants hav- ing poor oral hygiene (OHI>3.0). The prevalence of severe gingivitis (GI>2.0) was signif - icantly lower among exclusive smokers (group A) and those with dual habits (group C) compared to the other two groups. As much as 60% of group C participants had average PD in the range of 4-6 mm, while deeper average PD (>6 mm) was most common among smokers. The highest risk of having a tooth with GR was also associated with the dual habit (OR = 4.33, 95% CI = 3.24 - 5.76) compared with the non-users.

    Conclusion

    While both forms of tobacco were associated with poor periodontal status, the additive effect of smoking and SLT use was evident in almost all the parameters, more so with poor oral hygiene and the prevalence of gingival recession. These findings emphasize that individuals with dual habits have an additional risk for periodontal destruction.

    Keywords: Gingival recession, periodontitis, smokeless tobacco, smoking
  • Nadin Therese Koffi Coulibaly*, Zocko Ange Desire Pockpa, Gnaba Samson Mobio Pages 76-83
    Background

    Periodontitis is the bacterial-induced inflammation of tooth-supporting structures. Local antibacterial agents are used as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of periodontitis. This study aimed to compare the effect of subgingivally delivered propolis extract (a resin produced by honey bees) with chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash on clinical parameters and salivary levels of matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP8-) in periodontitis patients.

    Methods

    Twenty-eight periodontitis patients in stage II or III and grade B, who had deep periodontal pockets (≥4 mm) around at least three non-adjacent teeth, were divided into two groups. In the control group, patients were prescribed %0.2 CHX mouthwash twice a day for two weeks. In the%20 propolis hydroalcoholic group, subgingival irrigation was performed twice a week for two weeks. Clinical parameters were measured at baseline and after two months. Salivary samples were collected from the propolis and control groups at baseline and two months later to assess MMP 8- levels using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Additionally, salivary samples from 12 periodontally healthy subjects were used to determine the normal levels of MMP 8-. The data were analyzed using SPSS. P<0.05 was considered the level of significance.

    Results

    In the healthy group, the mean salivary levels of MMP8- were significantly lower than that in the control and propolis groups at baseline (P<0.001). The results indicated a significant improvement in clinical parameters (P<0.001) in the propolis group compared to the control group, while MMP 8- levels decreased significantly in both groups (P<0.001).

    Conclusion

    Propolis is recommended as adjunctive therapy for periodontitis patients. Clinical trials registration code: IRCT2016122030475N3.

    Keywords: Matrix metalloprotein-ase-8, periodontitis, propolis, randomized controlledtrial, saliva
  • Reyhaneh Eghbali Zarch*, Mitra Askari, Hamidreza boostani, Iraj Mirzaii Dizgah Pages 84-89
    Background

    Periodontitis is the bacterial-induced inflammation of tooth-supporting structures. Local antibacterial agents are used as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of periodontitis. This study aimed to compare the effect of subgingivally delivered propolis extract (a resin produced by honey bees) with chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash on clinical parameters and salivary levels of matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP8-) in periodontitis patients.

    Methods

    Twenty-eight periodontitis patients in stage II or III and grade B, who had deep periodontal pockets (≥4 mm) around at least three non-adjacent teeth, were divided into two groups. In the control group, patients were prescribed %0.2 CHX mouthwash twice a day for two weeks. In the%20 propolis hydroalcoholic group, subgingival irrigation was performed twice a week for two weeks. Clinical parameters were measured at baseline and after two months. Salivary samples were collected from the propolis and control groups at baseline and two months later to assess MMP 8- levels using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Additionally, salivary samples from 12 periodontally healthy subjects were used to determine the normal levels of MMP 8-. The data were analyzed using SPSS. P<0.05 was considered the level of significance.

    Results

    In the healthy group, the mean salivary levels of MMP8- were significantly lower than that in the control and propolis groups at baseline (P<0.001). The results indicated a significant improvement in clinical parameters (P<0.001) in the propolis group compared to the control group, while MMP 8- levels decreased significantly in both groups (P<0.001).

    Conclusion

    Propolis is recommended as adjunctive therapy for periodontitis patients. Clinical trials registration code: IRCT2016122030475N3.

    Keywords: Matrix metalloprotein-ase-8, periodontitis, propolis, randomized controlledtrial, saliva
  • Mehrnoosh Sadighi, Masoumeh Faramarzi, Ramtin Chitsazha*, Mohammad Ghasemi Rad, Sina Ranjbar Pages 90-93
    Background

    Photobiomodulation is a novel technique to reduce pain following different surgeries and treatments. This study aimed to investigate the effect of photobiomodulation on pain control after clinical crown lengthening procedures.

    Methods

    Twenty patients were included and randomly assigned to two groups in this single-blind randomized clinical trial. The patients had been referred to the Periodontics Department, Tabriz Faculty of Dentistry, for crown lengthening surgery. In the laser group, diode laser therapy with a wavelength of 860 nm and a power of 100 mW was applied immediately after the surgery on the surgery day and three and seven days after the surgery. In the control group, the laser was turned off, and passive radiation was applied to the area as the test group for 30 seconds per session in non-contact mode. The pain was assessed by a visual analog scale (VAS) questionnaire on the study timelines. Data were analyzed with SPSS 20 using ANOVA and post hoc Tukey tests.

    Results

    Twenty patients were included in each study group, where the pain was relieved significantly over time. On the first (5.50±1.18) and seventh (1.8±0.42) days, the pain intensity was similar in the test and control groups. However, on the third day, the laser group (2.90±0.74) experienced a signifi - cantly lower pain intensity than the control group (4.0±0.67).

    Conclusion

    Photobiomodulation relieved pain after clinical crown lengthening surgeries.

    Keywords: Clinical crownlengthening, pain, photobiomodulatione
  • Mohammadtaghi Chitsazi, Amirreza Babaloo, Hamidreza Mohammadi* Pages 94-95
  • Ahmad Behroozian*, Les Kalman, Milad Hemmatiyan Pages 96-98

    The torque of posterior teeth is of great importance in esthetics and occlusion. In the present article, we introduce a simple but useful device to measure intermolar torque. The device consists of two movable and adjustable arms that lie on the selected molar teeth bilaterally; the graduated plane at the body of the appliance then shows the intermolar torque. This device can measure intermolar torque easily and rapidly, with high validity and at a low cost.

    Keywords: Appliance, measure, molar, torque