فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:7 Issue: 7, Jul 2023
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1402/04/29
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
  • Saad Salem Jasim, Jawdat Hilmi Abdulwahid, Shakhawan Beebany *, Bari Lateef Mohammed Pages 509-523
    Some new 1,4-thiazepine derivatives (J16-J30) have been successfully synthesized through the reaction between each of diphenyl acryl amides (J1-J10) and diphenyl dienones (J11-J15) with ortho-mercapto aniline. The reaction was performed in an alkaline medium using ethanol as a solvent. The diphenyl acryl amides were prepared from the condensation reaction of para-substituted acetanilides with different para benzaldehydes, while para-substituted benzaldehydes were reacted with acetone to produce the diphenyl dienones. All the prepared compounds have been identified, using visible and ultraviolet radiation spectrum, and infrared spectrum. Some of the new synthesized compounds have been diagnosed and confirmed their structures by proton and carbon nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum (1H-NMR and 13C-NMR, respectively). The purity of prepared compounds was confirmed by relying on thin-layer chromatography (TLC) results. The biological effect of these derivatives was assessed against certain types of gram-positive bacteria (Streptococcus Pneumonia and Staphylococcus Aureus) and gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia Coli, Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, and Proteus Moralities). The results showed a high antibacterial effect towards both types of the used bacteria at high concentrations, while the prepared compounds behaved differently at low concentrations. The results indicated that most of new thiazepines revealed a high antibacterial effect towards both types of the tested bacteria at high concentrations (100 mg/mL), while behaved oppositely at low concentrations (10 and 50 mg/mL). This is related to high concentration effect resulting in an increase for inhibition zone diameter. The highest antibacterial effect was observed for compounds (J17, J19, J21, J24, J25, J26, J28, and J30) at 100 mg/mL. One of the reasons could be the presence of halogenes and nitro groups compared to the other compounds as a result of electron withdrawal groups role.
    Keywords: α, β-Unsaturated carbonyl compounds, 1, 4-Thiazepines, Acrylamide, Dienones, Acetanilide, Antibacterial Effect, Mercaptoaniline, Cyclization
  • Masoumeh Khanahmadi, Fatemeh Shahrezaei, Mahdieh Sharifi, Ghasem Rezanejade Bardajee * Pages 524-539
    Encapsulation process is employed to preserve flavor from inadmissible interactions with food, minimizing flavor-flavor interactions, guarding in contradiction of light-induced reactions or oxidation, and increasing flavors shelf-life or allowing an organized release. The aim of this study is to define the preparation and benefits of encapsulation of Pistacia khinjuk gum essential oil as a flavor via nanoemulsion process. Nanoemulsion was prepared by sonicating technique with a probe-type ultrasonicator at varying amounts of surfactant and glycerol. The design expert software was used to optimize the size of nanoemulsion. The nanoemulsion was characterized by DLS analysis, and TEM. The antibacterial activity of nanoemulsion and gum essential oil was performed at four different levels (0.01, 0.1, 1, and 10 %) on ten strains of bacteria. The cytotoxicity of gum essential oil and nanoemulsion was also evaluated toward β-TC3, MCF7, and HT29 cell lines.
    Keywords: Pistacia khinjuk, Nanoemulsion, antibacterial, Glycerol, Cytotoxicity, Food Industry
  • Morteza Farajpour, Seyed Mohammad Vahdat *, Seyed Meysam Baghbanian, Mehdi Hatami Pages 540-551
    A simple approach for component reaction between aldehydes, anilines or ammonium acetate, and dimedone in ethanol as a solvent is studied using Ag-SiO2 nanoparticles. This approach results for the synthesis of various decahydroacridines in appropriate yields (80-94%). The use of Ag-SiO2 nanoparticles as a heterogeneous catalyst lets a clean procedure.
    Keywords: Ag-SiO2 nanoparticles, Decahydroacridines, Ethanol solvent, One– pot synthesis, Three-component
  • Zaidoun K. Kuraimid, Abd El-Aziz S. Fouda S. Fouda *, Dawood S. Abid Pages 552-568
    This study showcases the innovative synthesis of 4-formyl-N-hexadecyl-N,N-dimethylbenzenaminium bromide (FHDB) using a reaction of 1-Bromohexadecane and 4-di methyl amino benzaldehyde. The compound was then characterized through various techniques such as FT-IR, 1H-NMR, and 13C-NMR, along with physical property measurements. Thereafter, the synthesized FHDB was tested for its corrosion inhibition properties on C-steel in 6M HCl, with a focus on kinetics and thermodynamics using potentiodynamic polarization (PDP). The surface changes of the C-steel were observed through Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). The study revealed that FHDB exhibited strong inhibitory properties against corrosion in 6M hydrochloric acid solutions, with an adsorption pattern on the steel surface in agreement with Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The results, which include corrosion and electrochemical testing data, demonstrate that the experimental corrosion inhibitors are typically practically equal between the fluid flow study (dynamic simulations) and the static study, which is attributable to the FHDB chemical structure.
    Keywords: FHDB, Corrosion Inhibition, C-steel, 6M HCl, potentiostatic polarization, Langmuir adsorption isotherm, Dynamic autoclave
  • Lakshmi Jayanthi Juturi, Rohinikumar Palavalasa, Sneha H. Dhoria *, Subbarao Jampani, Vijay Miditana, Gouthami Jalem Pages 569-580
    Urbanization and increased industrialization are both contributing to a very high level of stress on our water environment, which is reducing the supply of clean water. Water pollution affects the ecosystem and is a major concern for humans, flora, fauna, and the environment. Fluoride is a pollutant that is persistent and not biodegradable; it builds up in the soil, plants, animals, and people. Therefore, understanding its removal and using the best method with the greatest efficiency is required. Likewise, adsorption is an affordable and easy technique that could be adopted at the household level. The Sol-Gel process was used for the nano-MgO synthesis, which has a cost-effective recovery of the material. SEM, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis were done to characterize the synthesized nanomaterial. The produced nano magnesium oxide (nano-MgO) was evaluated for the defluoridation process. The results indicated that the occurrence of ions like bicarbonate and phosphate highly favors the adsorption of nano-MgO. Fluoride elimination using nano-MgO was achieved in this study by doing experiments in batches and considering three-time intervals. The optimal time for the utmost removal of fluoride was found to be 15 minutes, during which the concentration decreased from 8 ppm to 3.1 ppm.
    Keywords: Groundwater, Defluoridation, Nano MgO, Adsorption, sol-gel process
  • Zainab A. K. Al-Messri * Pages 581-593
    In the lubricating oil industry, multifunction additives have garnered considerable interest because of their ability to significantly enhance and add different functions. This study details the two-step synthesis of pyranopyrimidine derivatives. The initial step entails a three-component, one-pot reaction of pyrrole-2-carboxaldehyde, malononitrile, and 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-5-one, or dimedone, or barbituric acid, to produce compounds (1-3) using nanoparticles magnesium oxide (MgO-Nps) as the catalyst. In the second step, these products are cyclized with isothiocyanatobenzene to form the desired pyranopyrimidine derivatives (4, 5, and 6). The structures of synthesized compounds were confirmed using FTIR and 1H-NMR spectroscopies. The pyranopyrimidine derivatives were blended with the base lubricating oil, and then evaluated as effective antioxidants, corrosion inhibitors, and anti-rust agents using the IP-280 test (Institute of Petroleum's testing method), ASTM-D-130 and ASTM-D-665 tests (American Society of Testing and Materials methods), respectively. Furthermore, pyranopyrimidine derivatives were investigated for antimicrobially induced corrosion (MIC) by molecular docking on the rubredoxin (2DSX) protein from Desulfovibrio gigas bacteria and the cytochrome-c3 (2CTH) protein from Desulfovibrio vulgaris bacteria
    Keywords: pyranopyrimidine, Nps MgO, Lubricating oil, Multifunction additives, Molecular docking, MIC
  • Hasan A. Mohammed *, Umeed Maaroof Ali, Qasim Rabea Abdullah Pages 594-604
    In this study, binuclear complexes with the general formula [M2LCl4] were prepared, which were derived from salsaldehyde with 3,3′-Dimethyl-[1,1′-biphenyl]-4,4′-diamine (toluidine) and metal ions M= Co (II), Cu (II), Cd (II), and Pt (II) in a ratio (2:1) (metal: ligand). These complexes were characterized by elemental analysis (CHN), UV-Visible, FT-IR, 1H-NMR, and magnetic susceptibility, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and molar conductivity. All complexes are non-electrolytic as the measurements confirmed that the complexes have a square planar structure. SEM showed that the complexes were of nanometric structure. The biological activity of the prepared complexes was tested to inhibit the growth of three types of bacteria: Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus.
    Keywords: Schiff bases, Metal complexes, Biological activity, sem study