فهرست مطالب

Case Reports in Clinical Practice
Volume:8 Issue: 1, Jan-Feb 2023

  • تاریخ انتشار: 1402/03/27
  • تعداد عناوین: 12
  • Maryam Jalili Sadrabad, Elham Saberian * Pages 1-4

    Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a side effect of anti-bone resorption medications. Nowadays antiresorptive medications like bisphosphonate and monoclonal antibodies like denosumab that have been prescribed for bone disorders and metastatic cancer are becoming increasingly common. Although these medications are quite efficient at reducing bone resorption, they can develop osteomyelitis and jaw necrosis as a side effect. A 65-year-old woman was referred to the Oral Medicine Department of Semnan University of Medical Sciences with diffuse bilateral mandibular osteonecrosis, with a history of osteopetrosis and under-treatment of bisphosphonate. This complication started after tooth extraction and without any healing 5 years ago. After 3 sessions of plasma therapy, obvious improvement was seen. A proper medical history and a routine oral examination before treating with any invasive dental treatment are necessary to avoid any medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw or mucosal abnormalities.

    Keywords: Osteonecrosis, Bisphosphonate, Osteopetrosis, Plasma, Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ)
  • Shadi Zamansaraei, Milad Nazari Sabet, Parvin Bahrami* Pages 5-8

    Pulmonary Artery Aneurysm (PAA), defined as greater than 40 mm dilation of the main pulmonary artery wall, in female and above 43 mm in males is a rare and fatal defect. Since there is a high risk for rupture, especially in cases of symptomatic or severe dilatation, surgical intervention is suggested. There is no recommendation about therapeutic methods based on the diameter of the pulmonary aneurysm in pregnancy in the guidelines. In this rare and unique report, we described a 26-year-old pregnant woman with previous history of biologic pulmonary valve replacement referred to the joint clinic of heart disease and pregnancy at 15 weeks of pregnancy because transthoracic echocardiography showed an aneurysm of the main pulmonary artery (55mm). Due to pulmonary artery diameter and risk of dissection, we informed her about the risks and recommended therapeutic abortion, but she refused and, fortunately no complication occurred during close observation in pregnancy and few months later. There is no specific recommendation about therapeutic methods based on the diameter of the pulmonary aneurysm in pregnancy in the guidelines, but referring to the aortic aneurysm guidelines recommendation, pregnancy termination when PA diameter > 5.5 cm because of the higher risk of dissection. Other factors should be considered to determine the risk of dissection in pregnancy include; categorized PA aneurysms to high or low intravascular PA pressure, PA diameter growth rate, and causative mechanisms. Thus, if pregnancy occurs, decisions about each patient will vary depending on risk factors.

    Keywords: Pulmonary artery, Aneurysm, Pregnancy
  • Ali Mirabi, Reihane Tabaraii, Morteza Sedaqat, Saba Gaeini, Maryam Masoumi* Pages 9-13

    Dressler syndrome is a type of secondary pericarditis that can be accompanied by pleural effusion or pericardial effusion resulting from injury of the pericardium or heart tissue. A 33-year-old male was admitted to the emergency department with pleuritic chest pain radiating to both shoulders and fever. Two months before the admission, the patient underwent traditional open-heart surgery with median sternotomy and pericardiectomy for atrial septal defect (ASD) closure. Blood tests showed elevated acute phase reactants (leukocytosis, high erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein). Left-sided pleural effusion was revealed on chest CT scan. Diagnosis of Dressler syndrome was established. The patient’s pleuritic chest pain and shoulder pain improved clinically with a short course of colchicine. Although Dressler syndrome is rarely seen, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pleuritic chest pain. Special attention should be paid to Dressler’s syndrome because pericarditis can develop following cardiac surgery.

    Keywords: Chest pain, Pericartidis, Dressler syndrome, post-cardiac injury syndrome
  • Manzoor Hussain *, Nargis Banoo Pages 14-15

    Intestinal Ascariasis is a common helminthic infection in developing countries and in some rare cases, worms migrate to the biliary tract and gall bladder. Extraintestinal biliary ascariasis presents with jaundice, right upper quadrant abdominal pain, and vomiting. Ultrasonography is a useful diagnostic modality. Albendazole and Mebendazole are commonly used anti-helmintic agents for conservative management, whereas endoscopic removal is needed in rare cases.

    Keywords: Ascariasis, Biliary tract, Gall bladder, Extraintestinal, Ultrasonography
  • Meraj Tavakoli, Soghra Rabizadeh, Sara Seifouri, Alireza Esteghamati, Manouchehr Nakhjavani* Pages 16-20

    To this day, millions of people in the world have been diagnosed with corona virus 2019 (COVID-19). This disease cannot only lead to higher mortality rates among those with underlying Diabetes Mellitus (DM), but also may trigger DM in susceptible patients. Therefore, incidence of new-onset DM increased during the pandemic as a result; treatment of patients with diabetes and COVID-19 is important and needs further investigations. Here, we report a 27-year- old woman with past medical history of premature ovarian failure (POF) since14 years ago, who initially presented with severe diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) which was triggered by COVID-19 and later through her lab results hypoparathyroidism was also detected. She was treated for DKA and COVID-19 Infection concomitantly, and she was also diagnosed with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome due to her multiple autoimmune endocrine organ involvements.

    Keywords: COVID-19, Diabetic ketoacidosis, Newly diagnosed diabetes, Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome, Case report
  • Narjes Zarei Jalalabadi, Nasim Khajavirad *, Samaneh Parsa, Sahar Karimpour Reyhan Pages 21-23

    Nowadays People use herbal medicines to try to maintain or improve their health but sometimes they cause side-effects and some herbal drug may also interact with medication. We reported a 37 -year-old man who presented to the emergency department with sever watery diarrhea, vomiting, dysphagia, bicytopenia, renal failure and Acute esophageal necrosis, also known as black esophagus which is a rare syndrome characterized by a striking diffuse circumferential black appearance of the esophageal mucosa that universally affects the distal esophagus, 2-days after use of herbal drug named suranjan. Suranjan is a herbal formulation used to treat Rheumatoid arthritis.

    Keywords: Herbal, Suranjan, Acute esophageal necrosis
  • Zahra Masoumi, Seyed Mojtaba Alavi, Morteza Sedaqat, Mohammad Shahidi * Pages 24-28

    Acute aortic dissection (AAD) is one of the most challenging and emergency conditions in the health care system. It`s associated with high mortality. A 55-year-old person was admitted to the emergency department due to numbness of his right leg. The patient had no complaints of chest pain on arrival. However, echocardiography revealed aortic dissection and computed tomography (CT) scan confirmed the diagnosis. The patient was immediately referred to Rajaei hospital for further specialized procedures. He went into the operating room directly and had a successful operation of aortic dissection repair. Rarely AAD has atypical manifestation and may have unusual clinical presentations. Thus, it could cause a delay in establishment of diagnosis of this emergent condition. The purpose of this report was to introduce a rare initial presentation of an atypical aortic dissection.

    Keywords: Aortic dissection, Acute aortic dissection (AAD), Emergency medicine, Numbness, Lowerextremity numbness
  • Zahra Yazdi, Seyed Mohammad Hashem Montazeri * Pages 29-33

    We report a 33 years multipara pregnant woman who presented with vaginal bleeding due to intramural myoma and preeclampsia. After cesarean section, the myoma changed to the peduncle type and entered the internal space from the inner thickness of the uterus. This infrequent phenomenon made it easier to operate and remove the myoma within a few hours after the cesarean section. Finally, the mother and baby were discharged from the hospital safely after a few days.

    Keywords: Myoma, Uterine myomectomy, Cesaren section, Pregnancy
  • Fariba Rashidighader, Mohammadrafie Khorgami, Elio Caruso, Farruggio Silvia, Reza Masihi* Pages 34-38

    Ectopic cordis is a rare anomaly with incidence of 5.5 to 7.9 per one million. In this anomaly, fetal heart is displayed towards outside of the thoracic cavity partially or completely. We describe a case of antenatal diagnosis of Thoracic Ectopia Cordis (EC) with CongenitalHeartDisease (CHD) without any other extracardiac malformations. The mother was referred to our center at 18 weeks of gestation due to abnormal sonography. Fetal Echocardiographic examination showed isolated thoracic ectopia cordis with Double Outlet Right Ventricle (DORV), large inlet to outlet Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD), malposition of Aorta, Pulmonary Atresia with retrograde flow, narrow Pulmonary Artery (PA) and PA branches. Amniocentesis and sonography revealed no other anomaly or chromosomal derangement. Because the diagnosis of Ectopia cordis may be difficult in the fetal period due to multiple factors, meticulous attention should be paid for true diagnosis.

    Keywords: Ectopia cordis, Pregnancy, Prenatal diagnosis, Heartdisease
  • Reena Patel, Aradhita Maheshwari *, Vijaykumar Gawali Pages 39-41

    Kimura disease is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology. The disease is primarily seen in young Asian males and is characterized by painless subcutaneous swelling. It is often accompanied by renal involvement, predominantly manifesting as nephrotic syndrome. We describe a case of Kimura disease in a 69-year-old Indian male, presenting with left postauricular swelling. Clinical and histopathological characteristics are described along with a brief review of the literature.

    Keywords: Kimura disease, lymphogranuloma, Subcutaneous swelling
  • Mohammad Taher Rajabi, Abbas Mohammadi*, Sajad Besharati Pages 42-45

    Congenital orbital wall defects are very rare bone abnormalities that can cause protrusion of intracranial contents into the orbit. The protrusion of the meninges, which encompasses cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), result in a condition known as the orbital meningocele, a rare cause of pulsatile proptosis. Here, we present a 4-year-old female with left eye proptosis referred to our clinic. On magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a cystic structure was present. The patient underwent surgery for cyst removal. CSF leakage was noted during surgery. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a bony defect in the sphenoid greater wing and the resulting meningocele. Craniotomy surgery was performed to close and fill the defect.

    Keywords: Meningocele, Orbital, Child
  • Seyed Mohsen Rafizadeh, Mehdi Aminizade, Fahime Asadi Amoli, Mahtab Rabbani Anari, Mahmoud khodabandeh, Abbas Mohammadi* Pages 46-49

    Rhino-orbital mucormycosis in an immunocompetent pediatric patient can present as an orbital mass. We report a 9-year-old male that presented with periorbital swelling and limitation of left eye movement from one month ago. The patient was treated at another center with a diagnosis of mucormycosis but was referred due to worsening symptoms. Orbital and paranasal sinus CT scan revealed opacities in the left paranasal sinus and soft tissue density in the medial and inferior orbital wall. The patient underwent orbitotomy and mass debulking surgery on suspicion of a possible neoplastic mass. Pathologic evaluations revealed mucormycosis. After receiving intravenous liposomal amphotericin-B that was followed by oral posaconazole syrup for two months and sinus debridement, the symptoms regressed. In immunocompromised pediatric patients, mucormycosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of an orbital mass.

    Keywords: Mucormycosis, Immunocompetent, Orbital mass, Pediatric