فهرست مطالب

Veterinary Research Forum
Volume:14 Issue: 11, Nov 2023

  • تاریخ انتشار: 1402/08/10
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
  • Yongxiang Liu *, Lide Qin, Xiaoliang Hu, Yanmei Jiang Pages 583-588
    Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a highly contagious pathogen seriously affecting the upper respiratory tract and producing oral diseases in the feline. Despite widespread vaccination, the prevalence of FCV remains high. In this study, the FCV qingdao (qd)/2019/china was isolated from a domestic feline oropharyngeal swab collected from Qingdao, China. The virus was purified using the plaque assay and identified using the Polymerase chain reaction and indirect immunofluorescence assay methods, the capsid amino acid, VP1 of qd/2019/china, showed sequence identity with the other isolates ranging between 83.90% (ym3/2001/jp) and 91.10% (CH-JL4). The sequence of the capsid amino acid revealed qd/2019/china to be closely related to CH-JL4 and clustered with CH-JL4 in the phylogenetic tree. The phylo-genetic analysis indicated that the complete genomes (GenBank® accession No. MZ322896) of qd/2019/china and CH-JL4 were also classified into the same cluster. The recombination analysis with Simplot indicated that the qd/2019/china originated from the recombination of CH-JL4 and HRB-SS, and the region 3,821 - 5,301 nt originated from HRB-SS. Further, the region 3,821 - 5,301 nt were found to belong to the protease-polymerase (PP) of HRB-SS. Here, we isolated a new recombinant virus, FCV qd/2019/china. Therefore, these results would be beneficial for better understanding of the evolution and epidemiology of FCV.
    Keywords: Feline calicivirus, Isolation, Recombination
  • Songwei Lin, Liquan Shen, Haoxiang Gao, Jiayi Wu, Qingxin Lv, Xin Zhou, Junsheng Li, Xiuxiang Meng * Pages 589-594
    Activity patterns and time budgets play a crucial role in the successful farming and management of animals. In this study, the behavior patterns of 53 forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii) were analyzed from October 2nd to 16th, 2021, throughout the day and night. The results showed a distinct dawn–dusk activity rhythm in the captive forest musk deer with a peak activity observed at dawn (07:00 - 10:00) and dusk (16:00 - 19:00). Additionally, there were smaller activity peaks lasting less than an hour during the nighttime (00:00 - 04:00). Comparing behavior ratios between peak and off-peak periods, it was evident that all behaviors, except rumination (RU), showed significant differences. Furthermore, no significant differences were found in the behavior ratios of the forest musk deer between the daytime and night-time. During the daytime, the percentages of time spent performing locomotion (32.87 ± 3.38%), feeding (14.43 ± 1.81%), and RU (5.62 ± 1.46%) were slightly higher compared to the night-time. Based on these findings, it is important to match the management strategies for musk deer farming with the animals' activity patterns and behavioral rhythms. Doing so can enhance farming outputs and contribute to the welfare of captive forest musk deer.
    Keywords: Activity pattern, Activity peak, Captive, Moschus berezovskii, Time budget
  • Burçak Aslan Çelik *, Özgür Çelik, Akın Koçhan, Adnan Ayan, Özlem Orunç Kılınç, Gürkan Akyıldız, Kıvanç İrak, Özge Oktay Ayan, Kerem Ercan Pages 595-599
    Giardia duodenalis is a protozoan parasite found in humans and several mammals. This parasite spreads worldwide and is generally recognized as a zoonotic agent being reported to be one of the most common causes of diarrhea in humans and animals. In this study, it was aimed to determine the prevalence and genotypes of G. duodenalis in shelter dogs in Diyarbakır province being located in the southeastern Anatolia region of Türkiye. Native-Lugol method and nested polymerase chain reaction analyses of 100 fecal samples showed a prevalence of 3.00 and 4.00%, respectively. The prevalence was higher in females and in those younger than 1 year. Sequence analysis revealed the presence of zoonotic assemblage B, assemblage D and assemblage E. The detection of zoonotic assemblage B in this study suggests that dogs may be a reservoir for human giardiasis. Further molecular research is needed to determine the genotype diversity of Giardia as well as its possible role in the transmission of this parasite to humans.
    Keywords: Giardia duodenalis, Nested polymerase chain reaction, Shelter dog, Türkiye
  • Sadigheh Pashapour, Adel Saberivand *, Amir Afshin Khaki, Maryam Saberivand Pages 601-606
    About a third of human infertility is related to male factors. Of these, idiopathic-related infertility is not curable. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder affecting male impotence and fertility by increased production of free radicals and oxidative stress. Saponin, a glycosidic compound found in many plants, improves sperm parameters. The present study investigated the effect of saponin on sperm oxidative stress and testicular structure in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. The diabetes was induced by the administration of 150 mg kg-1 STZ via a single intra-peritoneal injection. All experimental mice were allocated to the following groups: Control group, diabetic control group, diabetic group administrated 100 mg kg-1 saponin daily and one healthy group administrated saponin daily for 56 days. At the end of the treatment period, serum levels of insulin, glucose and oxidative stress markers were measured. A histological evaluation of testicles was performed. Treatment of diabetic mice with saponin ameliorated testicular tissue damage as well as serum glucose and insulin concentrations. Furthermore, in the diabetic group, the serum concentration of malondialdehyde was increased; while, the activity of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase enzymes was reduced. The mean Johnsen's score and the diameter and thickness of seminiferous tubules were lower in the diabetic mice than control ones. However, these parameters were higher in the saponin-treated mice than controls. Overall, saponin administration rectified all examined parameters. The anti-oxidant role of saponin improves sperm parameters and diabetes-induced testicular oxidative damage.
    Keywords: Diabetes, Oxidative stress, Saponin, Testis
  • AmirAli Shahbazfar *, Marzieh Heidarieh, Samira Shahbazi, Hamed Askari Pages 607-614

    Trichoderma species are considered as biological control agents against numerous phytopathogenic fungi. They are also helpful for plants as plant symbiont. This study aimed to identify harmful effects of Trichoderma in laboratory animals. In the first step, inhalation toxicity was studied. Six rats as control received a spray of bio-formulation without spores. Ten rats as treatment A received    1.00 × 106 colony-forming unit (CFU) of Trichoderma spores and ten rats as treatment B received 1.00 × 107 CFU per test of Trichoderma spores. The harmful effects of Trichoderma were obvious especially in the lungs, liver and kidney, and some blood parameters were abnormal. In the second step, we studied acute oral toxicity by gavage. Four rats as control received bio-formulation without spores. Six rats as treatment A received 1.00 × 106 CFU per test of Trichoderma spores. Six rats as treatment B received 1.00 × 107 CFU per test of Trichoderma spores. The harmful effects of Trichoderma were noticeable more in the liver and kidney tissues. For dermal toxicity study, two rabbits as control received bio-formulation without spores by rubbing on the surface of the skin. Treatment groups A and B received 1.00 × 106 and 1.00 × 107 CFU per test of Trichoderma spores, respectively (four rabbits for each group). The liver and kidney and some blood parameters were abnormal. Trichoderma has some harmful effects on tissues and organs and although it is a natural product, it should be used under cautions.

    Keywords: Biological agents, Lab animals, Phytopathogenic fungi, Toxicity, Trichoderma harzianum
  • Mehrnoosh Gadir, Seyed Mahmoud Azimi *, Naser Harzandi, Behzad Hemati, Neda Eskandarzade Pages 615-623
    Despite widespread vaccination against foot-and-mouth disease, many outbreaks still occur in endemic areas. We attempted to determine the genetic and antigenic properties of the O/PanAsia-2/QOM-15 foot-and-mouth disease virus new vaccine strain. Thus, whole-genome sequencing was used to identify vulnerable pinpoint sites across the genome. The VP1 sequence (1D gene) of the O/PanAsia-2/QOM-15 viral genome was then compared to the VP1 sequences of two previously used vaccine strains, O/PanAsia (JQ321837) and O/PanAsia-2 (JN676146). The antigenic relationship of these three viruses was calculated by the two dimensional-virus neutralization test. At the nucleotide level, 47 single variants were identified, of which 19.00% were in the 5' untranslated region (UTR), 79.00% in the polyprotein region, and 2.00% in the 3' UTR region. Approximately half of the single nucleotide polymorphisms that have occurred in 1D gene resulted in amino acid (AA) substitutions in the VP1 structure. The single nucleotide polymorphisms also caused AA substitutions in other structural proteins, including VP2 and VP3, and some non-structural proteins (Lpro, 2C, and 3A). The O/PanAsia-2/QOM-15 shared higher sequence similarity with O/PanAsia-2 (91.00%) compared to O/PanAsia (87.30%). Evaluating r-value showed that the antigenic relationship of O/PanAsia-2/QOM-15 with O/PanAsia-2 (29.00%) was greater than that of the O/PanAsia (24.00%); however, all three viruses were immunologically distinct. After 10 years, the alteration of virus antigenicity and the lack of detectable adaptive pressure on VP1 sequence suggest that studying genetic dynamics beyond the VP1 region is necessary to evaluate FMDV pathogenicity and vaccine failure.
    Keywords: FMDV serotype O, RNA-Seq, SNP discovery, VP1, Whole-genome sequencing
  • Alireza Afzali-Kordmahalleh, Saeid Meshkini * Pages 625-630
    The effects of resveratrol as an anti-oxidant in improving growth and health have been shown in several experiments. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different dietary resveratrol inclusion levels on digestive enzymes activity and serum biochemistry of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Accordingly, 225 juvenile rainbow trout with an average body weight of 10.00 ± 1.50 g were stocked in nine experimental units. The study was performed as a completely randomized design including three dietary levels of resveratrol as follows: 0.00, 400 and 800 mg kg-1 feed. During the experiment, fish were fed based on their respective body weight using standard feeding tables at three feeding times for 8 weeks. Nine fish were randomly selected from each treatment at the end of the 4th and 8th weeks of the experiment. Results revealed that supplementing 800 mg kg-1 feed resveratrol significantly increased lipase activity (31.40 ± 0.32 U mg-1 protein) compared to the control group (29.92 ± 0.52 U mg-1 protein) at the end of week eight. Also, at the same time, it increased serum high-density lipoprotein (123.04 ± 1.57 mg dL-1) compared to the control group (97.055 ± 1.463 mg dL-1). In addition, dietary supplementation of 800 mg kg-1 feed resveratrol effectively reduced serum alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and aspartate aminotransferase activities along with glucose, cortisol and cholesterol. In conclusion, resveratrol can be used as a suitable food supplement to improve fish health by increasing digestive enzymes activities.
    Keywords: Digestive Enzymes, Rainbow trout, Resveratrol, Serum biochemistry
  • Vahid Ganjiani *, Amin Bigham-Sadegh, Abdolhamid Meimandi-Parizi, Mohsen Nouroozi, Dariush Sarikhani, Parisa Afraz Pages 631-633

    Foreign bodies in the respiratory tract (trachea/bronchus) are very rare conditions; therefore, it is not on top of the list of differential diagnoses in patients with chronic or severe cough, but its occurrence should not be considered unexpected. A 2-year-old male Shih Tzu terrier mix dog (9.20 kg) with a history of dyspnea for 6 days was referred to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran. In the clinical examination, respiratory distress and pain during palpation of the neck area were observed. Radiology indicated a triangular radiopaque object (bone) in the trachea of the animal. The size of the foreign body, the weakness of the grasping forceps of the device, and the edges of the bone being stuck in the trachea caused tracheoscopy failure after 30 min of trying. Surgical procedure (tracheotomy) was effective to remove the foreign body using Noyes alligator tissue forceps. Aspirated foreign body is not a common condition. In the case of early recognition and immediate treatment of the aspirated foreign body, the prognosis is usually good.

    Keywords: Dog, Foreign Body, Tracheotomy