فهرست مطالب

Asian journal of civil engineering - Volume:13 Issue:4, 2012
  • Volume:13 Issue:4, 2012
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1390/11/15
  • تعداد عناوین: 10
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  • H. Kazemi Noureini, N. Khaji Page 431
    In the first part of the present paper, a numerical method called spectral finite elementmethod (SFEM) is presented. As shown there, SFEM offered a promising performance insimulating wave scattering phenomena in plates, with less computational effort whileobtaining the highest resolution. The forward solution of wave scattering phenomenon based on the differential waveform of highest resolution plays a crucial role for detection of through-thickness crack in plates, as an inverse problem. Therefore, the results of the first part of the paper have been used in the second present part, in which a novel approach in wave scattering based crack detection, according to the concept of Time Delay (Differences) Of Arrival (TDOA) has been presented. In the past decades, TDOA and its related concepts have been applied generally on the problem of localization and pursuing sound sources in robotics, electronics engineering, control engineering, and so on. However, in this study TDOA is employed for crack detection problems for the first time. Introducing TDOA has provided a robust algorithm for crack detection which is highly sensitive to the crack location and size. Using the proposed algorithm, a couple of numerical case studies has been studied, in which the predicted crack location and dimensions are quite encouraging.
  • S. Greeshma, C. Rajesh, K.P. Jaya Page 455
    The present work aims to study the seismic performance of exterior shear wall - slab jointwith non-conventional reinforcement detailing.. Four joint sub assemblages were testedunder reverse cyclic loading applied at the end of the slab. The specimens were sorted into two types based on the joint reinforcement detailing. Type 1 model comprises of two joint assemblages having joint detailing as per the conventional detailing of slab bars at the joint. The second set of models (Type 2) comprises of two specimens having additional cross bracing reinforcements for the joints detailed as per the provisions given for beam – column joint in IS 13920:1993. Analytical investigations were employed to compare the experimental results. The experimental results and analytical studies indicate that additional cross bracing reinforcements improves the seismic performance.
  • R. Kumutha, K. Vijai (Ms) Palanichamy Page 489
  • Gh. Ghodrati Amiri, E. Darvishan, H.R. Rokni Page 499
    FEMA440 proposed coefficient method considers the effect of stiffness degradation andstrength deterioration by C2 modification factor. This factor is obtained by SDOF oscillatorresponses with few degrading hysteresis behaviors. This paper studies the ability ofcoefficient method to estimate displacement demands of MDOF buildings with mild andsevere degradations. Performance of Intermediate and Special steel moment frames iscompared separately by utilization of nonlinear static and dynamic analyses. Error valuesshow a good correlation between nonlinear static and dynamic responses.
  • K. Vijai, R. Kumutha, B.G. Vishnuram Page 511
    In order to address environmental effects associated with Portland cement, there is need to develop alternative binders to make concrete. An effort in this regard is the development of geopolymer concrete, synthesized from the materials of geological origin or by product materials such as fly ash, which are rich in silicon and aluminum. This paper presents results of an experimental program on the mechanical properties such as density, compressive strength, split tensile strength and flexural strength of Geopolymer Concrete Composites (GPCC) containing 90% Fly ash (FA), 10% Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), alkaline liquids and glass fibers. The effect of inclusion of glass fibers on the density, Compressive Strength, Split Tensile strength and Flexural strength of hardened GPCC was studied. Alkaline liquid to fly ash ratio was fixed as 0.4 with 10% of fly ash replaced by OPC in mass basis. Glass fibers were added to the mix in volume fractions of 0.01%, 0.02% and 0.03% by volume of concrete. The influence of fiber content in terms of volume fraction on the compressive strength, split tensile strength and flexural strengths of GPCC is presented. Based on the test results, empirical expressions were developed to predict split tensile strength and flexural strength of glass fiber reinforced GPCC in terms of its compressive strength.
  • A.A. Ramezanianpour, M. Samadian, M. Mahdikhani Page 521
    Self-consolidating concrete (SCC) has been used increasingly over the last two decades,especially in the pre-cast concrete industry because of its ability to consolidate withoutvibration even in congested areas. The development of SCC mixture design has been driven mostly by private companies who desired to utilize SCC's advantages and consequently there exists limited public information regarding the performance of SCC mixtures.The present study has attempted to present an experimental study on fresh and hardened properties of SCCs containing Volcanic Pumice (VP) as natural pozzolans which was used for both cement and filler replacements, in comparison with ordinary SCC mixture, SCCs containing Silica Fume (SF) and conventionally vibrated concrete mixture. Properties such as slump-flow, J-ring, L-box, V-funnel and sieve segregation resistance were investigated for fresh concrete and tests such as compressive strength, water and chloride-ion permeability and capillary water absorption at various days were performed for hardened concrete. The results indicate that natural pozzolanic materials such as VP can be used to produce SCCs. In addition, the results prove that natural pozzolans have enhanced the mechanical properties and durability of SCC and reduced the chloride penetration, significantly.
  • A.R. Mortezaei, S.M. Zahra Page 531
    Iran is a country of particular geopolitical significance owing to its location in theMiddle East and central Eurasia. Owing to its strategic location, Iran has been thecentre of attention for traders, businessmen and big powers for a long time.Therefore, it might be exposed at risk. The recognition necessity of risk and theresisting trend is essential for structural engineering. The analysis and design ofreinforced concrete structures subjected to extreme loading condition such as blastloads require a detailed understanding of blast phenomena and the dynamic responseof various structural elements. In this paper, the response of RC columns subjected toconstant axial loads and lateral blast loads is examined. Different shapes of columns,i.e. square, rectangular and circular shape, are considered in this research. Anonlinear finite element program is used to model RC columns with differentboundary conditions and using the mesh less method to reduce mesh distortions. Forthe response calculations, a constant axial force is first applied to the column andthen, lateral blast load is applied and the response time history is calculated. Blastload effects on the columns quantified in terms of failure mechanisms throughsimulation of the whole column detailing in the nonlinear finite element program.According to the analysis results, a retrofitting scheme using FRP wraps is designedand validated with a blast load test. Comparison of results clearly demonstrates thatcolumns with externally FRP retrofitting can withstand higher levels of blast loads. Itmeans that retrofitting RC columns with FRP is a proficient way to ensure protectionof buildings under the blast loading.
  • C. Antony Jeyasehar, R. Balamuralikrishnan Page 557
    This paper presents the results of experimental, analytical and numerical studies concerning the flexural strengthening of RC beams using externally bonded High Performance Fibre Reinforced Cementitious Composites (HPFRCCs) like Slurry Infiltrated Fibre CONcrete (SIFCON) and Slurry Infiltrated Mat CONcrete (SIMCON). A total of ten reinforced concrete beams were cast and tested in the laboratory over an effective span of 3000 mm. Eight beams were strengthened with bonded SIFCON and SIMCON laminates at the bottom under virgin condition and tested until failure; the remaining two beams were used as control specimen. Static responses of all the beams were evaluated in terms of strength, stiffness, ductility ratio, energy absorption capacity factor, compositeness between laminate and concrete, and the associated failure modes. Comparisons were made between experimental, analytical and numerical results of SIFCON and SIMCON. The results show that the strengthened beams exhibit increased flexural strength, enhanced flexural stiffness, and composite action until failure.
  • P. Asha, R. Sundararajan Page 571
    This paper presents the seismic behavior of exterior beam-column joints with square spiralconfinement in the joint region along with different reinforcement detailing for anchorage of beam bars, confinement in joint and additional reinforcement in beam and column. Theperformance of the specimens are compared in terms of lateral load-displacement hysteresis loop, load ratio, percent of initial stiffness versus displacement curves, total energy dissipation, beam rotation at distances of D and 2D, strain in beam main bars and crack pattern. Among all, the specimen with inclined bars from beam to column (named as SS2) was the most effective considering all the parameters taken for comparison. It is concluded that inclined bars from column to beam in SS2 can successfully move the plastic hinge away from the column face.