فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:2 Issue:1, 2012
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1391/08/15
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Colin C. Williams, Anjula Gurtoo Pages 3-16
    Participation in street entrepreneurship has been variously explained as either a residue from a pre-modern era (modernisation theory), a necessity-driven endeavour and last resort (structuralist theory), a rational economic choice (neo-liberal theory) or conducted for social or lifestyle reasons (post-modern theory). To evaluate critically these competing explanations, face-to-face interviews are reported with women street entrepreneurs in India during 2006 and 2007. Finding that no one explanation suffices to explain all women’s participation in street entrepreneurship and that different theoretical explanations apply to varying segments of the population surveyed as women street entrepreneurs, the outcome is a call to combine these previously competing explanations in order to achieve a richer and finer-grained explanation ofwomen’s street entrepreneurship.
    Keywords: Street Hawking, Street Vendors, Entrepreneurship, Informal Economy
  • Ali Rezaian, Mohammad Javad Naeiji Pages 17-32
    The present paper is aimed to develop and validate a model for testing the relationships between Intellectual capital, strategic entrepreneurship and organizational performance. A researcher designed questionnaire was used for collecting data from 322 managers in 129 small and medium firms. Structural modeling techniques were applied for data analysis. The results show that intellectual capital and strategic entrepreneurship have considerable effect on competitive advantages and organizational performance. This study can help to understand the factors which influence organizational performance especially in dynamic and turbulent environments.
    Keywords: Intellectual Capital, SMEs, Strategic Entrepreneurship, Organizational Performance, Opportunity Exploration, Exploitation
  • Mohammad Ali Moradi Pages 33-49
    This article aims to shed light on the relationship between entrepreneurship and total factor productivity (TFP) growth in Iran''s manufacturing industry during the period 1974-2006 using a time series approach. The production function approach provides a natural point for the analysis of productivity. This approach can help to examine the relationship between TFP and its main drivers through the developed endogenous growth theories. In addition to entrepreneurship، it is expected that human capital and openness have distinct impact on total factor productivity as well. These variables are included in the empirical model. The findings of the study show that there is a positive and significant influence of entrepreneurship on the TFP in Iran''s manufacturing industry in the short run but not in the long run. Moreover، the results confirm that human capital and openness have positive and significant effects on the level and growth rate of TFP in the short run and long run.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Total Factor Productivity, Time Series Techniques, Iran's Manufacturing Industries
  • Tran Van Hoa Pages 51-65
    This paper studies the role of international trade and openness in support of local entrepreneurship in high growth enterprises in Vietnam during its fast development in the past two decades. In addition to descriptive analysis of historical data, the paper develops a new methodology, the endogenous enterprise growth model, to empirically explore the major global engines and barriers to an enterprise growth. Best practice policy for sustainable business development, regional co-operation and crisis management is finally recommended for informed debate and policy implementation analysis.
    Keywords: Growth Enterprises, E ntrepreneurship, Trade, Globalisation Growth Factors, Economic, Management Policy
  • Mehrdad Madhoushi, Hasanali Aghajani, Amir Koohkan Moakher, Mohsen Jafarian, Javaher Varedi Pages 67-80
    In developed and developing countries, business clusters are considered as a critical tool for economic development. Aiming to explain the business clusters in construction consulting companies in Mazandaran, Gilan and Golestan provinces, this study presents a model including four qualitative variables; innovation, interorganizational relationships, expert-orientation and participants. Data from 43 companies with more than 3 years of experience (113 questionnaires) were used for quantitative analysis. The whole model (SEM) is accepted, because RMSEA is 0.02 and GFI, NFI and AGFI are also more than %90. Also a binomial test confirmed the null hypothesis. In the end, it is concluded that the possibility of creating business clusters for construction consulting companies centererd in the City of Rasht is highly possible.
    Keywords: Innovation, Business Clustering, Construction Consulting Companies, Interorganizational Relationships, Expert, Orientation
  • Dan Long, Jing, Wei Li, Yu, Li Zhang Pages 81-96
    The purpose of this paper was to study nascent team-entrepreneurship in China based on the data from Chinese Panel Study of Entrepreneurship Dynamics (CPSED). We focused on analyzing the characteristics of nascent team-entrepreneurs and their behavioral patterns from the perspective of the entrepreneurs, the entrepreneurial opportunity, entrepreneurial activities and entrepreneurial performance. In this regard, the relative position of team-entrepreneurship in China was identified compared to those of solo-entrepreneurship. Finally, some implications were pointed out, and we pointed out some future research directions.
    Keywords: Nascent Team, Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial Team, Entrepreneurial Process, Entrepreneurial Opportunity
  • Behrouz Zarei, Yahya Chaghouee, Elham Kaboli Pages 97-110
    In our competitive world, increasing the organizational capital will lead to market growth. It is argued that social capital is formed by individuals'' communications; therefore, any change in the organization to improve the spirit of network formation, will lead to reinforcement of the capital. Despite its importance, we encounter an insufficient social capital in the Iranian companies. Researchers believe that the main reason for this problem is the functional approach in organizations. This paper examines the relationship between process approach and social capital. We analyzed a sample of 104 managers of the Iranian process-based companies using the Structural Equation Modeling. Based on the results, the process-based entrepreneurial organization has a stronger social capital. Also it is in a better position to take advantage of this capital in the recognition and exploitation of opportunities.
    Keywords: Business Process, Organizational Capital, Process Approach, Social Capital
  • Seyed Komail Tayebi, Seyed Mostafa Razavi, Zahra Zamani Pages 111-123
    Recent financial crises have particularly impinged on trade through reduced provision and high costs of trade finance. Problems in finance will normally impact business operations, and will especially affect small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) more. In addition, large companies (LMEs) have gone out of businesses, since the latest global financial crisis currently spreading around the world has exerted negative impacts on large industries. For example, a number of biotech companies have been significantly weakened as the investment shortage resulting from the financial crisis forced them to scale down all their activities (Zhang, 2006). In this situation, the role of SMEs has become highlighted in both internal and international business activities. To explore the relationship between financial crisis, SMEs and international trade, through some evidence from Asia, we specify empirically a trade gravity model based on the panel data observations of the selected countries in Asia. The model is estimated by the panel data approach over the period 1998-2008. The empirical results do not confirm a significant effect of the financial crisis on the SMEs bilateral trade relations between the selected Asian trading partners. The implication is that the enhancement of SMEs activities may be a need for Asian economies towards adjusting financial crisis effect and a better-off condition in business environment.
    Keywords: International Trade, Financial Crisis, SMEs, Panel Data