فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:4 Issue:1, 2013
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1392/05/20
  • تعداد عناوین: 9
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  • A. Huber Pages 1-20
    In this paper Lie’s formalism is applied to deduce classes of solutions of a nonlinear partial differential equation (nPDE) of second order with quadratic nonlinearity. The equation has the meaning of a field equation appearing in the formulation of kinetic models. Similarity solutions and transformations are given in a most general form derived to the first time in terms of reciprocal Jacobian elliptic functions. By using a special transformation the first derivative of the equation can be transformed off leading to a further nPDE. The latter equation is also studied as well as algebraic properties and group invariant solutions could be derived. This new classes of solutions obtained are closely related to solutions of the kinetic model and so far, expressions for a generating function considering normalized moments are also deduced. Finally, the connection to Painlevé’s first equation is shown whereby these classes of solutions are solutions due to the invariant properties too. For practical use in numerical calculations some series representations are given explicitly. In view of the point of novelty it is further shown how to derive a Bellman-type equation to the first time and asymptotic classes of solutions result by appropriate transformations. The importance of the present paper is the relation to the Boltzmann Equation which describes the one particle distribution function in a gas of particles interacting only through binary collisions. Since transformations remain an equation invariant, solutions of the new transformed equation also generates solutions of physical relevance. Normalized moments are discussed finally.
    Keywords: Classical Lie group formalism, classes of similarity solutions, nonlinear partial differential equations (nPDEs), Maxwellian molecules, Bellmann's typeequation
  • A. Mahmiani, O. Khormali Pages 21-26
    A single number that can be used to characterize some property of the graph of a molecule is called a topological index for that graph. There are numerous topological descriptors that have found some applications in theoretical chemistry, especially in QSPR/QSAR research [7]. The oldest topological index which introduced by Harold Wiener in 1947 is ordinary (vertex) version of Wiener index [9] which is the sum of all distances between vertices of a graph. Also, the edge versions of Wiener index which were based on distance between edges introduced by Iranmanesh et al. in 2008 [3]. One of the most important topological indices is the well-known branching index introduced by Randić [6] which is defined as the sum of certain bond contributions calculated from the vertex degree of the hydrogen suppressed molecular graphs.
  • S. Mosazadeh Pages 27-40
    In this paper, we investigate infinite product representation of the solution of a Sturm- Liouville equation with an indefinite weight function which has two zeros and/or singularities in a finite interval. First, by using of the asymptotic estimates provided in [W. Eberhard, G. Freiling, K. Wilcken-Stoeber, Indefinite eigenvalue problems with several singular points and turning points, Math. Nachr. 229, 51-71 (2001)] for a special fundamental system of the solutions of Sturm-Liouville equation, we obtain the asymptotic behavior of it’s solutions and eigenvalues, then we obtain the infinite product representation of solution of the equation.
    Keywords: Singularities, turning points, Sturm, Liouville problem, non, definite problem, infinite products, Hadamard's theorem
  • M. Mazloum, Ardakani, A. Dehghan Manshadi, A. Mozaffari, H. Azizi Pages 41-57
    In this paper, the behavior of the salicylate anion-selective electrode was studied using the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy technique. Considering the diagram of the charge transfer resistance and -logarithm of the double layer capacitance versus -logarithm of the concentration, linear range concentration increased to 1.0×10-8-1.0×10-1 M and 1.0×10-9- 1.0×10-1 M, respectively. Among the other characteristics of this study, it can be pointed out a wide pH range of 4.0-10.0. Then "one-impedance for one-concentration" method was used to measure the salicylate ion at the linear range of 1.0×10-8-1.0×10-1 M. Finally, the impedance spectra of this electrode were simulated in which the obtained results of this simulation indicate proximity of experimental and simulation data.
    Keywords: Salicylate, Anion, selective electrode, Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, Simulation
  • H. Y. Wang, J. Qin, I. Gutman Pages 59-76
    The Wiener index is the sum of distances between all pairs of vertices in a connected graph. In this paper, explicit expressions for the expected value of the Wiener index of three types of random pentagonal chains (cf. Fig. 1) are obtained.
    Keywords: Wiener index, pentagonal chain
  • I. Gutman, B. Furtula, M. Essalih, M. E. Marraki Pages 77-89
    Whereas there is an exact linear relation between the Wiener indices of kenograms and plerograms of isomeric alkanes, the respective terminal Wiener indices exhibit a completely different behavior: Correlation between terminal Wiener indices of kenograms and plerograms is absent, but other regularities can be envisaged. In this article, we analyze the basic properties of terminal Wiener indices of kenograms and plerograms.
    Keywords: Wiener index, kenogram, plerogram
  • Z. Rostami, A. Amini, L. Samie Pages 91-109
    Our study performed upon an extended series of 28 compounds of 1,2,4-triazole derivatives that demonstrate substantial in vitro antimicrobial activities by serial plate dilution method, using quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) methods that imply analysis of correlations and multiple linear regression (MLR); a significant collection of molecular descriptors was used e.g., Edge adjacency indices, GETAWAY, 3D-MoRSE, Burden eigenvalues and Constitutional descriptors. The obtained multi-parametric models when a different class of molecular descriptors was used led to three correlation coefficients closed to 0.900, 0.896 and 0.901 respectively. Results indicated this is no significant statistical differences between calculated activities of these compounds with laboratory methods thus, the obtained models allowed us to predict antimicrobial activity of substituted 1,2,4-triazole derivatives.
    Keywords: Quantitative structure, activity relationship, Multiple linear regression, Antimicrobial activity, 1, 2, 4, triazole derivatives
  • M. Ghorbani, E. Bani, Asadi Pages 111-121
    A spanning tree of graph G is a spanning subgraph of G that is a tree. In this paper, we focus our attention on (n,m) graphs, where m = n, n + 1, n + 2, n + 3 and n + 4. We also determine some coefficients of the Laplacian characteristic polynomial of fullerene graphs.
    Keywords: Spanning tree, Laplacian eigenvalue, fullerene
  • Z. Yarahmadi, T. DoŠ LiĆ, S. Moradi Pages 123-136
    In this paper we present explicit formulas for the eccentric connectivity index of three classes of chain hexagonal cacti. Further, it is shown that the extremal chain hexagonal cacti with respect to the eccentric connectivity index belong to one of the considered types. Some open problems and possible directions of further research are mentioned in the concluding section.
    Keywords: Chain hexagonal cactus, eccentric connectivity index