فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:1 Issue: 2, 2014
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1393/06/27
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Kaleem Ahmed, Farrukh Shahzad*, Zeeshan Fareed, Bushra Zulfiqar, Tahir Naveed Pages 101-112
    Conflict related to interpersonal issues, personal taste, values, and lack of clarity towards their work. This study & its results examined that; how teachers/Professors respond to above mentioned conflicts. Because Interpersonal conflict among the organizations is a latest research area that increasingly getting importance in today’s competitive business environment. Questionnaires were used for the feedback purpose which elaborates about role conflict and employee’s performance. 158 valid responses gathered in two weeks. Data was processed and analyzed via statistic software i.e. SPSS. The results revealed that relationship conflict, task conflict and role conflict has significant impact on employees performance. High correlations among relationship conflict, task conflict, and role conflict on teacher’s performance were found from this study. And there exits inverse relationship between relationship & role conflict with employee’s performance and positive with task conflict. Special techniques and strategies should be applied for minimizing the relationship and role conflicts amongst the employees in an organization in order to obtain maximum out of them.
    Keywords: Relationship conflict, Task conflict, Role conflict, Employee performance
  • Morteza Salehi Sarbijan* Pages 113-125
    The role of oil shocks as factors in economic growth of a country is important. With little reflection on the Iran economic structure and other major oil exporter countries that have a strong bond to the proceeds of oil sales، this is a strong suspicion that the origin of the oil shock is caused by economic shocks. Purpose of this article is determining and solving of Iran cycles and effect of oil price fluctuation on these cycles using Markov switching model. In line with the main objective of research, extracting of oil price shocks by using Markov switching model and estimation long run relation by using the pattern accumulation Johansen Juselius estimated by using of quarterly data 1988 (1) - 2008 (2). The results suggest that hypothesis of symmetry of positive and negative oil shocks on production have been rejected. So we can infer that the effects of negative and positive shocks on production are different.
    Keywords: Oil Price Shocks, Gross Domestic Product in Iran, Markov Switching Model, Johansen Juselius
  • Seyyed Hossein Alavi *, Mahdi Pouriani Pages 126-133
    Since supplier selection is an important part in management fields, this research focuses on weighted non-hierarchical fuzzy model to increase supply chain management performance. Supplier selection researches have significantly increased but most of methods have been focused on hierarchical determination of indices. This article by use of a multiple objective function tried to present a method that can consider non-hierarchical determination of indices in specific conditions. This research by use of deliverable indices of supply chain management tries to select the best suppliers. In this paper it is assumed that all suppliers have the ability to supply needed items but client can only make a product they provide. Quality of supply chain deliverable, supply chain reliability and supply chain visibility names indices have been selected to increase efficiency in the supply chain. This approach presents local optimal solutions by use of a heuristic logic in supply chain management. These indices are used as fuzzy to select the appropriate suppliers. By this fuzzy method, appropriate supplier can be set for each of the items. The presented approach have been introduced a weighted indices to determine best supplier in specific conditions. In this research weighted non-hierarchical fuzzy sets have been used to select appropriate suppliers. This method is useful for supplier selection problems.
    Keywords: Supply chain management, fuzzy, quality, reliability, information, supplier selection
  • Sayyed Abdolmajid Jalaee, Nourallah Salehi Asfiji, Roya Heidari Pages 134-146
    The labor market is one of the four economic markets which possess a key role in adjusting the relationship between workforce demand and supply as well as the balance in macroeconomic variables such as employment. Hence, the basic question which is the main focus of the present paper is whether the current frequencies in inflation impact labor market demand or not? In order to answer this question based on the previous literature and theoretical concepts, labor market demand function, wage level function, gross domestic product (GDP), and the working population are considered. In this way, first labor market demand frequencies are identified for the period between 1996 and 2012 and then in order to determine the effects of inflation frequencies on labor market demand, this variable is entered into the function and it will be calculated again. The results show that wage level, gross domestic product, working population and inflation have a positive effect on the labor market demand and inflation frequencies influence labor market demand. Hence, if inflation were entered into the demand function, labor market demand structure functions would be increased and management of this market would be harder. Hence, in the case that inflation frequencies are managed it might be possible to manage the present frequencies in labor market demand.
    Keywords: Inflation, Labor Market Demand, Frequency, Fourier series
  • Alireza Rezaie, Ghodratollah Bagheri* Pages 147-162
    Present study aims at investigating the relationship between organizational learning and employees’ empowerment. Organizational learning consists of such components as structure, strategy culture, and perspective based on Neefe’s theory while employees’ empowerment is considered based on introduced components by Spritz including effectiveness, significance, meritocracy, independence and trust. Present study is conducted by a descriptive survey and its population consists of management and employees in Qom Maskan Bank selected branches. In this research, 120 questionnaires were distributed by layered random sampling method and finally 100 ones were returned and analyzed. To gather data, the first questionnaire involves 12 items based on Neefe’s components while the second one (employees’ empowerment) involves Spritz indices that their validity can be supported. Chronbach’s alpha value is used to measure reliability as 0.93 and 0.94 for organizational learning and employees’ empowerment respectively. To analyze research data in SPSS and Amos software packages, such techniques as Spearman correlation coefficient, regression analysis and structural equations are used. The findings support research conceptual model and show that there is an association between organizational learning and employees’ empowerment.
    Keywords: Organizational learning, employee's empowerment, banking industry, Maskan Bank
  • Mahdi Esmaili *, Hamid Zareh, Mahdi Golverdi Pages 163-175
    During human history, spirituality is crystallized in different ways and there are many discussions about it. Today, one issue respected by behavior and psychology scholars is spiritual intelligence. It is highly respected not only in individual but also in organizational areas while in addition to psychological fields; it is entered into other human science areas including management. In present paper, different definitions are provided on spiritual intelligence and then its components and aspects are studied in the perspective of different practitioners and finally the ways to promote, grow and enhance spiritual intelligence are pointed out. Author’s broad investigations indicate that there is no consensus on the aspects and components of spiritual intelligence and he believes that such heterogeneity is due to different definitions by connoisseurs on spirituality and their different values and cultures.
    Keywords: Intelligence, spiritual intelligence, aspects, components
  • Mohammadreza Mohammadvand Nahidi, Arash Ketabforoush Badri* Pages 176-185
    This study examines the causal relationship between FDI and economic growth in selected MENA countries in the period 2005-2010. The results show that FDI has positive and significant effect on economic growth, so that an increase of 1 percent of its value, growth, 0.03 percent increased.
    Keywords: FDI, Growth, Panel data, MENA Countries