Status of Vitamin-D in diabetic patients
BackgroundVitamin D (vit D) deficiency has been found to have an inverse relationship with the occurrence of type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of this study was to assess the vit D level in type-2 diabetic patients.
MethodsOne hundred-twenty DM patients selected as case group and 120 healthy individuals as control group were investigated in this study from October 2011 to September 2012 in Shahid Beheshti and Ayatollah Rouhani teaching hospital in Babol, North of Iran. Both groups were matched regarding age and gender. Serum levels of 25(OH)-vitamin D were measured in both groups. The data were collected and analyzed.
ResultsThe mean age of the case group was 51.2±7.98 and in control group was 50.6±7.73 years. The mean concentration of vit D in the case group was 18.7±10.2 and in the control group was 24.6±13.5 ng/dl (p=0.002). The mean concentration of vit D in male subjects in both groups were equal but in women with diabetes was lower than the healthy women (19.3±11.9 versus 27.03±10.28 ng/dl, respectively) (p=0.0001). In diabetic patient vit D level was deficient in 77 (64.2%), insufficient in 30 (25%) and sufficient in 13 (10.3%) patients. In the healthy group, these parameters were seen in 44 (36.6%), in 46 (38.4%) and in 30 (25%) patients.
ConclusionThe results show that vit D concentration was significantly lower in diabetic patients than the healthy individuals. Although the mean concentration of vit D in males in both groups was equal but in the women with diabetes was lower than the healthy women.
Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine, Volume:5 Issue: 1, Winter 2014
40 to 42
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