Extremism and takfir, as a
Islamic awakening and social developments in Arabic countries since 2011, were promising positive changes towards Islamism, that was predicted a bright future for the Muslim world. But the intervention of foreign governments and trans-regional actors along with the emergence and empowerment of radical and takfiri groups in the Muslim world, challenged the Islamic movements in the region And prevented the realization of Islamic awakening. Meanwhile takfiri terrorist groups frustrated the massive movement of Muslims to staying out of the situations, backed by Western governments and some countries in the region and by the slogan "revival of the Islamic Caliphate 'with the Salafist and diversion reading. This changes from one side affected position of Shiites in the political and religious equation of the region and On the other hand caused the Extremist Shiite groups fomented the conflict between Sunnis and Shiites by exploiting current situation. In such circumstances, the Shiites were faced with actual and potential challenges of both sides; first the Extremist Sunnis groups confronted with this group by the excommunication of Shias, And the second, Extremist Shiite groups ignored reading based on the teachings of this religion about the unity of the Muslim world. This article tries to answer the question that which discourses can be analyzed during the last five years changes in the Middle East and what were its implications for the Shiites? Certainly Takfir and confrontation with Shiites from the radical movement and foment discord and deepen the divide in the Muslim world from the Extremist groups, are the main challenges that were analyzed in the hypothesis of this study.
فصلنامه پژوهش های منطقه ای, Volume:3 Issue:9, 2015
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