Representation of urban social space in contemporary Iranian fiction
The following research aims to answer the question that how the Iranian narrative literature author has defined the elements and characters in illustrating the transformations of urban-social environment. In other words, considering the definitions of significant and crucial concepts in Herbert Blumer’s naturalistic research procedure, it is a matter of question that whether the environments reflected in narrative literature of contemporary Iran come from a dialectical process between the real elements of the society and the author's mind or from the fixed and frozen definitions that exist in political and social negotiations which is dominant in public and intellectual environment of the society. The population of interest is the anthology of short stories and written novels in contemporary Iranian literature (that is, the years between 1911 to 1979). The sample size contains 3 authors and 8 literary works that have been chosen based on the ideas of 27 experts utilizing Delphi Method. The procedure utilized in the following research is "dialectic objectivism". By applying the ideas of Georg Simmel, Henry Lefebvre and Lucien Goldman, an analytical-dialectical frame was achieved that was consistent with George Gurvitch’s fifth kind of dialectic named "dialectic of the prospects or the contrast of the manifests" (Mutual implication). On that basis it is possible to achieve a mutual relationship between that element and other elements by assessing every element of the social system. Applying the mentioned analytical frame, it would be possible to put the data obtained from the research and also communicational data of the elements beside each other and create a social information system (SIS). Through SIS, overall analysis of the society could be achieved. It was found that none of the chosen authors could be merely called dialectical or vice versa, since each one of their works could have a different structure depending on their social position and the time of writing the work and on the author's social and individual conditions and the type and length of the story.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Urban Sociological Studies, Volume:7 Issue: 24, 2017
189 - 214  
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