The Principle of "Territorial Unity"; Implications and Challenges
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The principle of "territorial unity" is among the fundamental principles in jurisprudence and Islamic political system. This principle, which rooted in the universal mission of Islam, causes practical implications in the political jurisprudence, among the most important implications of this; one can refer to the principle of the "unity of the Imam", as well as the lack of originality of the geographical boundaries, including contractual boundaries and beliefs. Using inference from authoritative sources and analysis of Islamic texts, this paper implies that, the principle of territorial unity is rooted in the universal mission of Islam. Therefore, it refers to the mission of the Islamic government towards the entire human community. So, firstly, human society is not multiform based on the transcendental goals of Islam, thus, the principle of "unity of Imam or Caliph" is an essential principle of many Islamic sects. Secondly, any types of boundary between lands, whether beliefs or contracts, is unjustifiable. Of course, the principle of "territorial unity", "the principle of the unity of the Imam" and the principle of "negation of any delimitation among human societies" depicts the idealistic view of Islam towards the international relations, but Islam also provides an alternative to the current international status in which territorial multiplicity and geographical delineations are accepted under conditions. But these boundaries, firstly, do not negate the international mission of the Islamic government. Secondly, it does not count as a criterion for valuing individuals. Thirdly, it does not negate the priority of the Shiites over the other Muslims, as well as the priority of Muslims over the others, and also the priority of the People of the Book over the infidels and to the polytheists.

Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Political science, Volume:10 Issue: 1, 2019
Pages:
61 to 76
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