Modeling of locating urban parks using the model of Analytic Network Process (ANP) in GIS (Case Study: city of Bandar Imam)
Abstract Urban parks as one of the most important public-service spaces of the city play a significant role in promoting the social, cultural, economic and environmental conditions of urban areas. This article aims at locating parks in Imam Khomeini port. This applied research is examined by descriptive-analytic method. In order to analyze the indices, GIS-multi-criteria decision making methods and Analytic Network Process (ANP) have been used. In this research, the criteria were adjusted in four clusters of desirability, comfort, demographic and neighborhood. The results showed that the desirability cluster with the weight of 0.097 and population cluster with the value of 0.468 are the clusters with lowest and highest values, respectively. Also, in the ArcGIS environment, the dimensions of the useless land of the studied areas that should be planned for future parks were categorized and ranked in five classes: inappropriate, weak, medium, appropriate and very appropriate. The results of the study showed that most residential and educational uses against to the local parks are more compatible in Imam Khomeini port. In addition, 38, 43 and 19 percent of the parks have high, medium and low suitability. The results also revealed that the best location for the development of the urban parks is southern and eastern useless land of the city. Keywords: Park, locating, GIS, ANP, Imam Khomeini port.
Quarterly of Geography (Regional Planing), Volume:9 Issue:3, 2019
213 - 228
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