Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and constipation are some of the common problems of hospitalized patients. These problems are exacerbated by the hospitalization of patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and constipation of hospitalized patients in the ICU.
This research was a cross-sectional study. In the study, 104 hospitalized patients in the ICU were selected through convenience sampling in a period of six months, from the 1st September 2018 to the 1st of March of the same year, based on the inclusion criteria. Data were collected using demographic and nutritional status assessment questionnaires. Data were gathered using demographic and nutritional status assessment questionnaires retrieved from a specific form in this regard from the Ministry of Health.
Hospitalized patients in the ICU were evaluated for nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and constipation. Among them, 50% had vomiting, 44.3% had nausea, 35.7% had diarrhea, and 12.7% had constipation.
Given the significant adverse nutritional outcomes of the hospitalized patients to the ICU, considering a standardized and condition-based plan may reduce the negative nutritional outcomes of these patients.