Study of the Factors of Meaning in the Attitude of Abolhossein Noori and Victor Frankl
The present article, considering the spiritual crisis and the existential vacuum of contemporary man, examines the underlying factors of meaning in the opinions of Abolhossein Nouri and Victor Frankel. This research has been written by a descriptive-comparative method and the results show that Frankel emphasizes the central role of meaning in mental health and deviates from reductionist psychology by proposing a meaning-oriented theory. He identifies man as a spiritual being and in need of meaning, which is a superficial manifestation of meta-meaning or God. This brings his psychology closer to the mystical attitude and leads to conceptual congruencies between his and Abul Hussein Nouri's views. Emphasis on freedom, responsibility, and listening to the voice of conscience that relate to meta-meaning, as well as the special place of acceptance of suffering, are specific experiences in the discovery of meaning, including these congruencies. However, their emphasis on meta-meaning varies. The object of Abu al-Hussein's love is God and love for Him is creator of the freedom, sacrifice and attitudinal values. The views of Abolhossein Nouri, who is among of crazies- wises in historical book, can be attributed to a healthy personality in the attitude of the father of psychotherapy.
Religions & Mysticism, Volume:52 Issue:1, 2019
69 - 89
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