Risks of Ghaderi’s Phenomenon
Article Type:
Editorial (دارای رتبه معتبر)

"Beauty has so many forms, and I think the most beautiful thing is confidence and loving yourself" Kiesza Beauty has classically been considered amongst the definitive values, goodness, justice, integrity, and loyalty. Beauty, cutaneous body image, quality of life, self-esteem, and self-confidence are intertwined together (1-2). Life quality consists of a feeling of joyance and satisfaction with life. However, life quality, self-esteem, and self-confidence in patients with dermatoses have not adequately been attended to so far. As regards, dermatoses affect general health, well-being, and social adaptation of the individual (3-5). In a study, the majority of the female patients who were candidates for Bariatric Surgery declared high body image concerns (6). Modern cognitive approaches to Body Dysmorphic Disorder suppose that appearance-related intrusive cognitions and their functional outcomes determine the disorder (1). The Body Dysmorphic Disorder is a common debilitating disease worldwide. Patients manifest a disabling preoccupation with a few perceived defects, frequently well-marked by poor insight or delusional thoughts (2-7). According to the results of a study, rhinoplasty candidates reported high body image concern (8). Accurate interviewing of the patients who are candidates for rhinoplasty is very important to evaluate their level of body image concern in order to diagnose any available disease and prescribe required treatments (8). More and more people worldwide are using hyaluronic acid injections for skin rejuvenation and better cutaneous body image and self-esteem (5- 7). Cosmetic injectable treatments are progressively common. However, a few studies have investigated modifications in psychosocial functioning following these procedures (9). Some studies were performed to evaluate changes in cutaneous body image, self-esteem, and life quality following cosmetic injectable procedures with neuromodulators and soft tissue fillers (9). Cosmetic injectable treatments associated with an increase in body image satisfaction. Further investigation using modern cosmetic surgery-specific devices can supply new insights into the psychosocial advantages of cosmetic injectable treatments (9). Millions of cosmetic and surgical procedures of the face are administrated each year; however, objective clinical criteria that assess surgical procedures, such as complication rates, have limited efficiency when applied to cosmetic procedures. While there might be subjective improvements in cutaneous body image, it is very important to assess if these procedures have an effect on patients in other domains, such as psychosocial functioning (10).

Journal of Surgery and Trauma, Volume:7 Issue: 4, Winter 2019
113 to 115
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