The agricultural sector, from one side, plays a central role in economic growth and rural development through the provision of needed food and job opportunities in developed countries, on the other side, the future development of agriculture in any country relies on rural youth. So agriculture and youth are not completely separate, but they are complementary, and they must work together to survive. The main purpose of this study was the influence of preventive and deterrent factors on the orientation of Khoramabad rural youth to agricultural occupation. This study is applied and descriptive-correlational and statistical population of this study are 15 to 24 years old youth (N = 24160). The sample size was determined 210 by Cochran's formula. The reaserch tool was questionnaire and its content validity was confirmed by survey of faculty members of economics and rural development section in Lorestan University and the agricultural jihad experts approved. Sequential theta coefficient of reliability and pretest was used for measuring reliability. Data analysis was done by SPSS software. In this study, the results of the Mann-Whitney test are shown that tendency of two groups married youth and Men to the agricultural occupation was significantly higher than the single youth and Women. Also the ranking of deterrent factors shows that the most important deterrent factors affecting the rural youth's tendency to employment in agricultural section are: The low income of the agricultural profession, the attractiveness of non-agricultural jobs and the multiple droughts and damage to agricultural produce. According to the results of exploratory factor analysis, deterrent factors affecting the rural youth's attitude to agricultural Jobs in Khorramabad were categoriezed into 6categories: economic, natural, socio-cultural, occupational, service and skills.
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