The symbolism of Iranian mosques with cultural study approach

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The mosques have been the first worship and society place in the Muslim community. Since physical space roots in culture of each society. Therefore, the architecture of mosques in each culture reflects the cultural symbols of that society, which in addition to solving physical challenges and adopting to context in all geographical location should present a form with specific and continued identity, until able to provide the index of formal identity in the mosques to audience. But, by changing cultural pattern due to the modernization of societies, the continuity of physical identity in contemporary mosques have been broken. This research with cultural study approach and descriptive-analytical method is seek to response to question that What is the relationship of mosque as a cultural product with physical symbols and signs in the context of Iranian culture? And How should it be the Architecture of Iranian mosques that have architectural symbols in their body? The results of research show that Common elements are formed in the minds of the audience through the process of representing cultural symbols, Until the same actions are obtained from them. In the evaluation of the representation of the mosques in four periods, the mosques in traditional period completely and the mosques in secular period were relatively are compatible with the components and characteristics of the representation in the mosques. But in the evaluation of the mosques in revolutionary and critical ideological period, it was found that these features were left out in the design.

Journal of Cultural Studies Communication, Volume:18 Issue: 66, 2022
125 to 149  
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