Breast Cancer Prevention Behaviors In women with low levels of health literacy of Reproductive Age: Application of Health belief Model
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Background and Objective

Breast cancer is the most common malignant disease in women and the leading cause of death worldwide. Early detection of this cancer greatly increases the chances of successful treatment. This study was conducted to determine the effect of an educational intervention based on the health belief model on adopting breast cancer prevention behaviors in women of reproductive age.

Materials and Methods

This randomized controlled trial was performed on 84 (42 cases per group) women of reproductive age from 2020 to 2021 in Qazvin, Iran. The intervention group was subjected to educational intervention based on health belief model- provided in four sessions through e-learning and uploading the pre-prepared educational contents in a social media  group. Participantes in both groups completed the questionnaire before, immediately after, and three months after the intervention. Data were analyzed by SPSS 16 software 


After the intervention, the mean scores of health belief model constructs (awareness, perceived sensitivity, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, perceived self-efficacy, cues to action, and behavior) were significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group (p<0.05).  While the mean score of perceived sensitivity and guideline for operation in the intervention group was significantly higher than the control group after intervention.


The health belief model could effectively promote breast cancer prevention behaviors in women of childbearing age.

Journal of Health Literacy, Volume:7 Issue: 2, Summer 2022
59 to 68  
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 990,000ريال می‌توانید 60 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe for 50 € euros via PayPal and download 60 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!