Explaining and Analyzing the Principles of the Paradox of Descent and Ascension from the Perspective of Transcendent Wisdom and Theoretical Mysticism
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The present paper uses the method of library-software collection as well as analytical-critical and argumentative data processing with the aim of explaining, analyzing and criticizing their views and bases on the descent of Aadam and his ascension in order to respond to the questions in the field and to examine the two main views and their principles in this regard. It concludes that - contrary to the views of some Islamic commentators and theologians - a contradiction between descent and ascent, honoring and promoting does not exist; rather, by explaining the foundations of the theory of the sages of transcendent wisdom and Muslim mystics about the necessity of Aadam's descent, for the ascension and dignity of man, and by criticizing and questioning the foundations of opposing views that have considered descent as a kind of demotion, also by presenting two analyzes and the theological and mystical explanation states that Aadam`s descent has been the only way for his ultimate perfection, and that descent has nothing to do with legislative sin or leaving the first, tarki `ula, and expulsion from heaven, and finally degrading one's position. Because, in fact, the descent is the expansion of the existential radius of human truth and the usage of what available in the material world for ascension. Books and articles have been written about the descent of Adam and the answers to questions about it; But the main concern was not one of the main questions of this article; while the answer to it is the way to answer those questions and the basis for solving them

Ain - e - Hikmat, Volume:13 Issue: 49, 2022
123 to 151
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