After the world war and the emergence of international organizations in the field of the international system, the world witnessed a change in the arrangement of international actors. One of these international organizations was the International Maritime Organization (IMO). It operates as a specialized agency of the United Nations in the field of maritime affairs and related matters. On the other hand, the Convention on the Law of the Sea, adopted in 1982, is the most important document in the field of the law of the sea that has been ratified so far and plays the role of a reference. This research seeks to analyze and explain the level of relations between emo and the Convention on the Law of the Sea.
The descriptive-inductive method has been selected as the dominant method in this paper and the library method and filing tools have been used to collect data. Therefore, for this research, the historical description of the two institutions, the Imo and the Convention on the Law of the Sea, and then the common features between these two institutions and determining and explaining the level of their relations in the field of international law are discussed.
This convention refers in various articles to the competent international organization, which means emo. Of course, Emo's name is only explicitly mentioned once in Annex VIII of the Convention. Also, the type of emo relations with the Convention on the Law of the Sea is divided into two categories: functional and thematic. In the functional dimension; The Convention on the Law of the Sea identifies Emo as a competent body, the drafter and source of international laws and standards, and ultimately the supporter and facilitator of the implementation of laws and regulations. In the thematic dimension, the fields of joint work of these two international organizations in the fields of maritime safety, maritime security, marine environment and civil liability due to marine pollution are defined.
The Convention on the Law of the Sea has a framework role and generally addresses maritime issues, leaving the role of legislator in these matters to IMO as the competent international organization. As a result, according to the plausible roles mentioned in some articles of the Convention on the Law of the Sea, as well as in accordance with the fields of activity contained in the Articles of Association, its organizational structure and documents issued in the fields of maritime safety, maritime security, marine environment. And has formulated and approved civil liability for marine pollution.
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