Palaeoclimate of the Baghamshah Formation, northeastern Tabas, central Iran, based on terrestrial palynomorphs
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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:

The Baghamshah Formation (Middle Jurassic) at the Senj stratigraphic section, northeastern Tabas, central Iran, consists of diverse and relatively well-preserved palynomorphs, including spore and pollen of land plants, microscopic algae, acritarchs, Tasmanites, fungal spores, foraminiferal test linings and dinoflagellate cysts. The miospores are attributed to the Pterophyta (11%), Lycophyta (1%), Coniferophyta (80%), Cycadophyta (3%) and Pteridospermophyta (5%). Among the miospores, the maximum frequency is related to Classopollis from the Chirolpidiaceae family of conifers. The abundance of Classopollis in the studied samples may represent the abundance of Chirolpidiaceae in the composition of vegetation nearby the sedimentary environment, the abundance of produced pollen, and/or the vicinity of the habitat of the parent plants to the depositional environment. Previous investigations about the environment of the Chirolpidiaceae family indicate the predominance of hot and dry climates. The abundance of Botryococcus algae separately or attached to Classopollis also supports this type of weather. The dominant size of the miospores in the stratigraphic section (25–35 µm) indicates the transport by a wind from highland to lowland. Based on the model of Sporomorph EcoGroups (SEGs), miospores typifying all the six plant communities are present in the studied strata. The palaeoclimate study was determined by the pattern of relative abundance of drier/wetter and warmer/cooler elements. The consequences of these calculations approve the hot and dry climatic conditions during the accumulation of the strata examined.

Language:
Persian
Published:
Stratigraphy and Sedimentology Researches, Volume:38 Issue: 4, 2023
Pages:
1 to 26
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