Ideological confrontation between Safavids andUzbeks with an emphasis on the thoughts of Fazlullah Rozbahan Khanji and the correspondences exchanged between the scholars and statesmen

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The disagreement between the Safavids (1135-907 AH) and the Uzbeks (1007-906 AH) were not limited to military affairs and these two had dispute in other domains as well. In the meantime, the conflict of ideas developed after the initiation of the relationship between the two governments and showed itself in the form of correspondence was of great significance. This confrontation started in time of Shah Ismail (892-930 A. H) and Shibak Khan (855-916 A. H) and was intensified in time of Shah Abbas the first (978-1038 A. H) and Abdul Mumen Khan (1006 A. H). The main question of the present research is what the components of the ideological and intellectual confrontation were between the Safavids and the Uzbeks. The research method of this article is descriptive-analytical and the data collection method is through the library sources, it has been tried to investigate the various aspects of this confrontation. The findings of this research show that the ideological confrontation of these two governments includes elements that have been used by the two claimants with the aim of making their government foundations legitimate and also cast doubt on the legitimacy of the rival. Moreover, the elements of Shia and Sunni conflict, which have had a long historical continuity, have been effective in this confrontation. The result of this religious confrontation was reflected in the field of political relations between the two powers and these two rivals took advantage of the aforementioned tensions to advance their political aspirations. The remaining related works of this era indicate the presence of a group of thinkers who fueled this confrontation by preparing the contents of official letters as well as the independent correspondence.

Hostory of Islam, Volume:24 Issue: 93, 2023
121 to 150  
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