Epidemilogic Study of Death Caused by Endocrine, Nutritional, and Metabolic Diseases in Iran During 2006-2018

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The epidemiological transition and the increase of chronic diseases resulted in the rise of endocrine, nutritional and metabolic (ENM) diseases as causes of death. This study aimed to explore the death rate caused by ENM in Iran 2006-18.

Materials and Methods

Secondary data analysis was done. The demographic data on death were extracted (age, sex and cause of death) at the provincial level from the death records registered by civil registration. The conditions and trends of ENM death were analyzed from 2006 to 2018. The differences were analyzed in terms of age, sex, place of residence, and over time through indicators of death rate, sex ratio, and years of life lost (YLL).


Out of 1708 pregnant women, 244 (14.3%) had GDM, and 1464 (85.7%) did not. There was a statistically significant difference between these two groups in terms of age (P: <0.001), weight (P: <0.001), number of pregnancies (P: <0.001), delivery (P: <0.001), previous diseases (P: <0.001), and Rh (P: 0.01). While in terms of the ABO blood group system (P= 0.3) and abortion rate (P= 0.067), no statistically significant difference was observed.


6,906 people were died in Iran between 2006- 2018 due to ENM diseases.  The death rate from this disease increased from 3.5 per 100,000 people in 2006 to 8.4 in 2018. More women died, especially in old age, with the peak of death being at the age of 50 and older. ENM death resulted in the loss of 67,041 years of life.

Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Obesity, Volume:15 Issue: 3, Autumn 2023
165 to 174
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