Entropy of Accrual Items of Modified Jones Model and Financial Stability and Their Estimation Based on Whale and Genetics Algorithm

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
From an economic point of view, deviation, and uncertainty of economic policies are related to stability and financial stability. Considering that the Jones model does not measure the inflation in fixed assets, it does not have the necessary efficiency to determine accruals correctly, especially in countries with high inflation. By adjusting the Jones model, the results of the research were analyzed more precisely, and accordingly, the financial stability was calculated more accurately. The purpose of the research is to update the fixed asset modify the Jones model and determine the relationship between the entropy of accrual items and financial stability. Hypotheses testing has been done using correlation between variables and two regression approaches and meta-heuristic algorithms of whale and genetics. The statistical population of the research of all insurance companies included 231 companies and the period was between 2015 and 2021. The results obtained from the test of research hypotheses indicate that between the entropy of the accrual items of the modified Jones model and financial stability, there is a significant relationship. Also, estimation of financial stability and entropy of accruals Rennie and Shannon modified the Jones model, using the whale meta-heuristic algorithm is more accurate than multivariate regression and genetics. This timeliness in accrual items reduces abnormality in these items and increases transparency in financial reporting. Also, discretionary accruals have a more effective role in determining financial stability for decision-makers and stakeholders than non-discretionary accruals.
Journal of "Empirical Research in Accounting ", Volume:13 Issue: 3, 2023
211 to 236
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