Genealogy and Study of the Semantic Evolution of the Quranic Word "Sarad"

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
According to some thinkers, sarad is one of the words entered into the Arabic language. For this word, upon entering the Arabic language, a semantic evolution has occurred. The importance and necessity of this research is due to the fact that this word has an Iranian origin and has changed its meaning in the Arabic language, and understanding it is effective in understanding the divine word and its miracles. With the historical and analytical method, this research analyzes the historical and genealogical origin of the word sarad, the course of its semantic evolution in the Arabic language, and the historical application of the derivatives of the word sarad in the context of the verses of the Qurʾan. The results of this research show that the word sarad is from the Persian root of "armor" and using the historical use of the word armor in ancient Iran and its widespread use in Iranian cavalry from the first dynasties and also the powerful evidence of the Shāhnameh in describing the Iranian armorers, it can be said that sarad is a Persian word with a military origin. In the Arabic language, this word has evolved into the concepts of "piercing and sewing leather", "weaving armor" and "consecutiveness of something". The word sarad is used in the Holy Qurʾan as a single use and in the sense of "rings of armor".
Journal of Quran and Hadith Historical Studies, Volume:29 Issue: 3, 2023
120 to 140  
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