Affective types in six stories from world literature Based on Genet's hypertextuality

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Studying the relationships between texts led to the discovery of the great theory of "intertextuality" in the 20th century. Based on this theory, every text is formed on the basis of previous texts. Kristeva, Barthes, Sollers and Genette are among the influencers and developers of this theory. Genette tried to examine any relationship between texts including all the details and called the set of these relationships "transtextuality", of which hypertextuality is one of its branches. The purpose of this article is to investigate hyperertextual effects and signs in six fictional works of the world based on Genette's theory. The research method is to study, analyze and compare the stories of The Miser, Christmas Carol, Story of Miserly Man, Eugenie Grande, The Miserly Knight and Dead Souls. The result of the studies shows that five of above-mentioned stories have a single pretext, and that is the play "Judgment" by Menander, which is the first example of Aulularia by Plutus which was imitated by Moliere in "The Miser". In other stories, "The Miser" is the model, which will be their hypertext, and in principle, the hypertext of "Judgment". The types of these hypertexts are pastiche, charge, and replacement.

Comparative Literature Studies, Volume:17 Issue: 67, 2023
421 to 440  
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