Analysis of the Risk-taking System of Bustan's Story ‘Safar-e Hindustan va Zalalat-e Botparastan’ based on the Wave Discourse Theory

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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:

The Wave Discourse is formed based on an event system and provides the basis for discourse proliferation. As a result, we encounter fluid, open, and leaping situations that expand the scope of the actor's presence and, as a result, create a presence for the actor that is no longer under his control. Discourse systems are divided into two general types: conservatism and risk-taking. Conservatism is based on adaptation, and risk-taking is based on an accident. The Wave Discourse is also the result of the risk-taking system, which leads to the formation of accidental and unexpected meanings by creating a rupture process. In the present study, the story of Bustan Saadi's ‘Safar-e Hindustan va Zalalat-e Botparastan’ is examined from the perspective of the Wave Discourse Theory. In this study, the type of interaction between the two systems of conservatism and risk-taking and the conditions of these two systems are analyzed. Examining the story under discussion shows that the narrator continuously puts the discourse space in a challenging situation in such a way that the systems of conservatism and risk-taking advance the narrative in parallel and in a competitive atmosphere. The actor also participates in this competitive space according to the symbolic position in which he is placed, and finally, with the act of murder, he creates an event space that causes the formation of risk-taking and the realization of the Wave Discourse.

Language:
Persian
Published:
Textual Criticism of Persian Literature, Volume:15 Issue: 4, 2023
Pages:
51 to 69
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