The Diversity of Religions and Their Relationship with Allah’s Names in Mysticism from Ibn Arabi’s Point of View

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The existence of various religions is an undeniable fact, But the type of exposure is important. This paper aims to analyze Ibn Arabi’s view of the diversity of religions through the lens of Divine names through the descriptive-analytical method. Considering that the universe is the manifestation of Divine names and the reflection of Divine attributes, and every human being is the manifestation of a name of the names, and some names are different from others, on the other hand, divine religions had prophets, each of whom is the manifestation of a name of Allah’s names; For example, Prophet Noah is the embodiment of God's purifying and glory, Prophet Abraham is the embodiment of God's befriending, Prophet Moses is the embodiment of God's awe and wrath, Prophet Jesus is the embodiment of God's mercy and kindness, and Seal of the Prophet is the embodiment of the Allah’s Greatest Name, which includes all the Allah’s names and attributes, and the mirror is the full view of the Truth. Therefore, the seal religion is also the most comprehensive and complete, and other religions do not have perfection and comprehensiveness, and it is not reasonable to convert to other religions despite the existence of a complete and comprehensive religion. With the conducted research, the viewpoint of mystics, especially Ibn Arabi, does not reflect pluralism among the existing attitudes about the diversity of religions. The author has followed this issue about the mystical works of mystics, especially Al-Futūḥāt al-Makkiyya and Fusus al-Hikam of Ibn Arab, the greatest founder of theoretical mysticism, and mentioned some evidence.

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