Evaluation of Spatial and Temporal Changes in Net Primary Production in Iran's Rangeland Ecosystems in Relation to Drought

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The present study was conducted to investigate NPP changes and its relationship with drought. The monthly time series of NPP for the country's rangelands was prepared from the sum of net photosynthesis production (PSN) of the eight-day MODIS sensor (MOD17A2H) with a spatial scale of 500 m for 2000 to 2022.The monthly rainfall data of 165 synoptic stations were obtained from the National Meteorological Organization to calculate the Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) and monitor droughts in this period. Box plots of precipitation and NPP were prepared and showed that the highest values of NPP with an average of more than 50 gC.m-2month-1 occur during spring and early summer in humid areas. Results showed that NPP is increasing in Iran's rangeland ecosystems, and on average, the NPP of all rangeland ecosystems in the country is about 112.6 ± 13 gC.m-2.year-1  ,in other words, about 76 million tons of carbon per year. It is absorbed by the plants in the rangeland ecosystems of the country. The trend of changes in the monthly series of NPP was not significant due to the influence of seasonal characteristics, but the annual changes of NPP showed a significant trend of increase in all regions.

Iranian Journal of Applied Ecology, Volume:12 Issue: 45, 2023
35 to 52
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