Analyzing and investigating the consequences of land reforms in Iran with an emphasis on Karl Polanyi's Great Transformation Theory

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Agrarian reforms as a change in new forms of land ownership and social organization have a special place in understanding the contemporary history of Iran and the Islamic Revolution. In this regard and according to the importance of the years after land reforms and leading to the Islamic revolution, this research was conducted with the aim of investigating the economic and political consequences of land reforms with the approach of Karl Polanyi. Through the qualitative analysis of the social developments of the 40s and 50s and with library studies, this research provides a clear answer to the question of how the theoretical framework of Karl Polanyi's Great Transformation can clarify land reforms and its consequences for understanding the social developments of the years leading to the Islamic Revolution of Iran. have given. By examining land reforms and placing them in the context of macroeconomics and society, and by applying Polanyi's theoretical apparatus (Great Transformation), it was determined that these reforms in Iran in the 40s and 50s were not only successful, but also faced political and economic deadlock. The political consequences of the land reforms were the consolidation of the government apparatus of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the closing of the ways of influence of power for other classes and classes, and the economic consequences were the lack of success in productivity and the disruption of the balance of people's living conditions.
Jostarha - ye Siyasi - ye Mo'aser, Volume:14 Issue: 4, 2024
59 to 85  
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