Reasons for simplifying Persian prose in the second half of the Qajar period

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)

The advice of governments in all periods is usually simplistic; but in the second half of the Qajar period, since both the kings themselves were writers and were directly involved in correspondence, they became a model of simplification in practice. The spread of journalism and telegraph, and memoirs and sermons and travelogues and critical essays and the spread of translation and fiction were important phenomena that made simplification a common pattern in the second half of the Qajar period. The coexistence and accompaniment of a large number of intellectuals, educated people, religious scholars and groups of bazaars and urban masses in the field of political, cultural and literary struggle, brought the thoughts and language of these groups closer to each other and formed a simple and clear language and expression. It became Analytical- Interpretive, reasoned, and devoid of the literary and complex aspects of prose. Undoubtedly, the connection with Europe and the expansion of worldview and the transformation of intellectual sensitivities and the influence of their books and newspapers and acceptance of change in all phenomena and its spread, change in literature and writing can be factors influencing the simplicity of prose and poetry in this period. On the other hand, a number of internal factors were involved in this simplicity, some of which are: facing an illiterate and illiterate audience and the development of various sciences, and accelerating political developments.

Journal of Literary criticism and stylistics Research, Volume:14 Issue: 53, 2024
61 to 89  
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