فهرست مطالب

Materials science and Engineering - Volume:16 Issue: 2, 2019
  • Volume:16 Issue: 2, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/01/20
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • A. Allahverdi*, Z. Padar, M. Mahinroosta Pages 1-9
    It is demonstrated that the addition of organo-modified Na-bentonite (OMB) particles to Portland cement mortar can promote its physical and mechanical properties. A series of experimental works on some important physico-mechanical properties of Portland cement mortars mixed with various dosages of hydrophobic OMB were performed. The obtained results confirm that the OMB provides a dense packing effect. An optimum replacement level of around 3.5% (by weight) at an increased water-to-cement ratio of 0.53 results in an almost 11.43% increase in 28-day compressive strength along with about 20.78 and 16.20% reductions in total volume of permeable pore space and water absorption, respectively. Also, at the optimum replacement level, an increase of about 2.72% is taken place in dry bulk specific gravity.
    Keywords: Organo-modified bentonite, Cationic surfactant, Portland cement, Compressive strength, Water absorption
  • Mehdi Akbarzadeh, Morteza zandrahimi*, Ehsan Moradpour Pages 10-20
    Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is one of the most widely used solid lubricants. In this work, composite MoSx/Ti coatings were deposited by direct-current magnetron sputter ion plating onto plain carbon steel substrates. The MoSx/Ti ratio in the coatings was controlled by sputtering the composite targets. The composition, microstructure, and mechanical properties of the coatings were explored using an energy dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDX), Xray diffraction (XRD), and nano indentation and scratch techniques. The tribological behavior of the coatings was investigated using the pin-on-disc test at room temperature. With the increase of doped titanium content, the crystallization degree of the MoSx/Ti composite coatings decreased. The MoSx/Ti coatings showed a maximum hardness of 13 GPa at a dopant content of 5 at% Ti and the MoSx/Ti composite films outperformed the MoSx films. Moreover, the films exhibited a steady state friction coefficient from 0.13 to 0.19 and the main wear mechanisms of the MoSx/Ti coating in air were abrasive, adhesive, and oxidation wear.
    Keywords: MoSX, Ti coating, tribological properties, low friction, PVD
  • M. Adineh, H. Doostmohammadi*, R. Raiszadeh Pages 21-32
    Relations between the microstructure, mechanical properties and machinability of as-cast 65Cu-35Zn brass with various amounts of Al from 0 to 4.72 and Si from 0 to 3.62 wt% were investigated. Both Si and Al initially enhanced the UTS and toughness of the brass samples, which led to improvement in machinability due to a reduction in the main cutting force. A duplex brass with random oriented α plates in β’ matrix was found to have the best machinability among the other microstructures. It was found that beside the presence of brittle phases, such as β’ phase in the microstructure, the morphology and hardness of the phases involved had significant influence on machinability.
    Keywords: Brass, Silicon, Aluminum, microstructure, machinability
  • M. Karimi Sahnesarayi*, H. Sarpoolaky, S. Rastegari Pages 33-42
    In this study nanosized TiO2coatings on the 316L stainless steel substrate were prepared by means of dip-coating technique in which thickness of the coating layer increased byrepeating the coating cycles in two different routes: (I) dipping and drying,respectively, were repeated one, three and five times and finally the dried coated sample was heat treated (single); (II) multiple heat treatment performed after each dipping and drying cycle, respectively.The structural, morphological and optical characterizations of coatings as well as thickness of coatings were systematically studied.The photocatalytic activity of the various TiO2 coatings was investigated based on the degradation of an aqueous solution of Methyl orange.Moreover, thecorrosion protective properties of coatings were evaluated in both dark and UV illumination conditions based on the obtained polarization curves. The results indicated 1.75 times improvement in photocatalytic reaction rate constant, a two orders of magnitude decrease in corrosion current density in dark condition and about 140 mV electrode potential reduction under UV illumination with optimum coating preparation procedure, repeating the cycle from dipping to heat treatment three times, than the sample prepared with one time coating and heat treatment since this procedure provided not only high thickness and defect-free coating but also transparent one.
    Keywords: Nano-TiO2 coating, Sol-gel, Stainless steel, Multiple coating, heat treatment cycles, Corrosion protection, Photoelectrochemical cathodic protection
  • S. Shanmugan*, D. Mutharasu Pages 43-54
    Boron included aluminium nitride (B-AlN) thin films were synthesized on silicon (Si) substrates through chemical vapour deposition ( CVD ) at 773 K (500 °C). tert-buthylamine (tBuNH2) solution was used as nitrogen source and delivered through gas bubbler. B-AlN thin films were prepared on Si-100 substrates by varying gas mixture ratio of three precursors. The structural properties of the films were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique and verified the formation of polycrystalline and mixed phases of hexagonal (100), & (110) oriented AlN and orthogonal (002) & cubic (333) oriented BN. The crystallite size was smaller and dislocation density was higher as the deposition was conducted with lowest total gas mixture ratio (25 sccm). Improved surface properties were detected for film deposited using lowest total gas mixture ratio and confirmed by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and atomic force microscope (AFM). The composition of films showed the existence of higher concentration of B in the film prepared using lower total gas mixture ratio and confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX).
    Keywords: B-AlN, thin film synthesis, CVD, structural parameter, surface analysis
  • M. Senthil Kumar*, R. V. Managalaraja, K. Senthil Kumar, L. Natrayan Pages 55-67
    The present requirement of automobile industry is seeking lightweight material that satisfices the technical and technological requirements with better mechanical and tribological characteristics.  Aluminium matrix composite ( AMC ) materials meet the requirements of the modern demands. AMCs are used in automotive applications as engine cylinders, pistons, disc and drum brakes. This paper investigates the effect of particle size and wt% of Al2O3/SiC reinforcement on mechanical and tribological properties of hybrid metal matrix composites (HMMCs). AA2024 aluminium alloy is reinforced with Al2O3/SiC different particle sizes (10, 20 and 40 µm) and weight fractions (upto 10 wt %) were fabricated by using squeeze casting technique. HMMCs were characterized for its properties such asX-ray diffraction (XRD), density, scanning electron microscope ( SEM ), hardness, tensile strength, wear and coefficient of friction. AA2024/5wt%Al2O3/5wt%SiC with 10 μm reinforced particle size showed maximum hardness and tensile strength 156.4 HV and 531.43 MPa and decrease in wear rate was observed from from 0.00307 to 0.00221 for 10N. Hybrid composites showed improved mechanical and wear resistance suitable for engine cylinder liner applications.
    Keywords: Hardness, Density, Tensile, Wear, Squeeze casting, Particle size
  • E. Mohammadi, M. Pourabdoli* Pages 68-78
    The effect of mechanical activation on the kinetics of ammoniacal thiosulfate leaching of a refractory oxide gold ore containing 2.8 ppm Au was investigated. The gold extraction of 99.81% was achieved by 16 h leaching of a sample mechanically activated for 60 minutes. The gold extraction observed for a similar reference sample without mechanical activation was only 55%. Studies revealed that leaching progresses at two different rates depending on the leaching time (0-2 h and 2-16 h). It was observed that diffusion through an ash layer as a dominant mechanism controls the leaching of samples mechanically activated up to 45 minutes during total leaching time, while reaction control and liquid film diffusion are dominant mechanisms for leaching of a sample mechanically activated for 60 minutes during 0-2 h and 2-16 h, respectively. The extraction observed during the ash diffusion step depends significantly upon mechanical activation time.  Mechanical activation of 60 minutes results in high gold extraction in this step which when combined with subsequent chemical reaction gives close to 100% gold extraction in a 16 hour leach.  Mechanical activation for up to 45 minutes leads to a modest improvement in overall gold extraction compared with the reference test without mechanical activation
    Keywords: Kinetics, Mechanical activation, Thiosulfate leaching, Refractory gold ore
  • I. Hajiannia*, M. Shamanian, M. Atapour, R. Ashiri, E. Ghassemali Pages 79-88
    In this study, the effects of the second pulse resistance spot welding on the microstructure and mechanical properties of TRIP1100 steel were evaluated. The thermal process after welding was designed to improve metallurgical properties with pulse currents of 6kA, 9kA and 12kA after initial welding with 10kA current. The effect of the second pulse on mechanical and microstructural properties was investigated. The fracture of the welds was for pulsed samples of 6kA and 9kA PO with CTS test. Due to existence of the microstructure including the equaxial dendritic and finer in FZ in the pulsed current 9kA, the maximum fracture energy and maximum force were observed. A significant decrease in the FZ hardness in 6kA current was observed in the nanohardness results, which was attributed to existence martensitic and ferrite temper. The highest ratio of CTS / TSS was obtained for 6kA and 9kA, respectively, and force displacement rate was maximum in 9kA. The fracture surfaces included dendrites and dimples. The results of partial fracture revealed separation in the coherent boundaries of the coarse grain of the annealed region.
    Keywords: resistance spot welding, second pulse current, fracture surface, shear tensile, dendritic microstructure