فهرست مطالب

Statistical Society - Volume:21 Issue: 2, Autumn 2022

Journal of Iranian Statistical Society
Volume:21 Issue: 2, Autumn 2022

  • تاریخ انتشار: 1401/09/10
  • تعداد عناوین: 12
  • Ahmad Reza Soltani * Pages 1-20
    The celebrated Ljung-Box residual analysis is a widely used method in time series for the parameter estimation and the goodness of fit test for the ARMA time series models. The question is whether the autocorrelation function of the fitted ARMA(p,q) model for an observed time series, at different lags, in the Ljung-Box estimation method, is close to the correlogram of observed series. The answer indeed is not affirmative. In this article, firstly, we present a new procedure in solving the Yule-Walker equations for the exact computation of the autocorrelation functions of ARMA(p,q) models. Secondly, we provided a goodness of fit procedure using the limiting distribution of the the sample correlation function. Thirdly, we establish a new parameters estimation method based on examining the model autocorrelation function against the series autocorrelation coefficients. The effectiveness of the procedure is brought into sight using simulated data.
    Keywords: Time Series ARMA(p, q) Models, Yule-Walker Equations, Autocorrelation Function, Parameters Estimation, Goodness of Fit, Model Diagnosing
  • Suparna Basu *, Sanjay K. Singh, Umesh Singh Pages 21-50
    This article delineates the implementation of the product of spacings under Progressive Hybrid Type-I censoring with binomial removals for the Generalized Inverse Lindley distribution. Both point and interval estimates of the parameters have been obtained under classical as well as Bayesian paradigms using the product of spacings. The proposed estimators can be used in lieu of maximum likelihood as well as usual Bayes estimator based on likelihood function which is corroborated by a comparative simulation study. The Bayesian estimation is performed under the assumption of squared error loss function. The implicit integrals involved in the process are evaluated using Metropolis-Hastings algorithm within Gibbs sampler. We have also derived the expected total time to test statistic for the specified censoring scheme. The applicability of the proposed methodology is demonstrated by analyzing a real data set of active repair times for an airborne communication transceiver.
    Keywords: Maximum product of spacing, Progressive Hybrid Type-I censoring with binomial removals, Expected total time to test, Gibbs sampler algorithm
  • Ebrahim Salehi *, Seyyed Shahrokh Hashemi-Bosra Pages 51-72
    In this paper, we consider series systems consisting of arbitrary dependent components. We study the residual lifetimes of such systems based on copulas family from a new point of view. First, we extract a new explicit expression for the reliability functions of residual lifetimes of the systems. Moreover, we give some stochastic ordering properties for the residual lifetimes of series systems based on the dependence structure of the components and the corresponding mean functions. The results are expanded for series systems having used components of age $t>0$. Subsequently, the problem of the stochastic comparison of a series system having used components and a used series system has been considered. To show the application of results, we provide some numerical examples. Finally, we present some dependence properties of the residual lifetimes of series system based on the properties of the lifetimes of components.
    Keywords: Copula, dependence, Mean function, Reliability, Residual Lifetime, Stochastic order
  • Alireza Ghodsi *, Mahendran Shitan Pages 73-88
    In this paper, we extend the idea of Gegenbauer process in the spatial domain by introducing a more general parameter and call this model as Spatial Gegenbauer Autoregressive (SGAR(1,1)) model. The spectral density and autocovariance functions of the model are introduced. The Yajima estimators of the Gegenbauer parameters, the log-periodogram regression estimators of the memory parameters and the Whittle's estimators of all parameters are discussed. The performance of these estimators are evaluated through a simulation study.
    Keywords: Spatial Gegenbauer Autoregressive model, SGAR(1, 1), long memory, log-periodogram estimation, Whittle estimation
  • Rawan Arafa *, Reda Mazloum Pages 89-110
    This paper introduces a new two-stage randomized response model for estimating the mean of a sensitive quantitative random variable. The proposed model is obtained for both simple and stratified random sampling. The efficiency of the proposed estimator, under both sampling schemes, is investigated with respect to various estimators and it is found to be more efficient. Moreover, a new measure for evaluating the performance of any randomized response estimator is introduced. The measure considers the relative efficiency of the randomized response estimator, and the privacy protection it offers. The performance of the proposed estimator is examined using the new measure and it is found to have an overall better performance than its rival estimators. A real data example is also examined using the proposed model and various models from literature.
    Keywords: Efficiency, privacy protection, scrambling variable, simple random sampling, stratified random sampling
  • Hassan Akell, Farkhondeh Alsadat Sajadi, Iraj Kazemi * Pages 111-132
    Bayesian nonparametric inference is increasingly demanding in statistical modeling due to incorporating flexible prior processes in complex data analysis. This paper represents the Polya urn scheme for the generalized Dirichlet process (GDP). It utilizes the partition analysis to construct the joint distribution of a random sample from the GDP as a mixture prior distribution of countable components. Using permutation theory, we present the components' weights in a computationally accessible manner to make the resulting joint prior equation applicable. The advantages of our findings include tractable algebraic operations that lead to closed-form equations. The paper recommends the Polya urn Gibbs sampler algorithm, derive full conditional posterior distributions, and as an illustration, implement the algorithm for fitting some popular statistical models in nonparametric Bayesian settings.
    Keywords: Exchangeability, GDP Mixture Model, Partition Analysis, permutations, Polya urn, Gibbs Sampler, Stick-breaking Priors
  • Alla Alhamaidah, Mehran Naghizadeh Qomi *, Azadeh Kiapour Pages 133-147
    This article deals with the problem of E-Bayesian and robust Bayesian estimation and prediction in the exponential distribution on the basis of record observations under the squared log error loss function. The E-Bayesian and robust Bayesian estimators of the scale parameter are computed and their performances are investigated using a simulation study. We extend the idea of E-Bayesian estimation to the E-Bayesian prediction of future record observation and perform a simulation study using a prequential analysis for comparison of proposed E-Bayesian and robust Bayesian predictors. Two real data sets are analyzed for illustrating the estimation and prediction results.
    Keywords: E-Bayesian estimation, prediction, Exponential Distribution, record values, Robust Bayesian estimation, prediction, Squared log error loss function
  • Reza Ahmadi *, Zohreh Rasaei, Rahman Farnoosh Pages 149-164
    This paper proposes a bivariate process-based model for maintenance and inspection planning of a parallel system, consisting of two components whose states evolve in one of three possible states: normal (0), satisfactory (1) and failure (2). The changes of states driven by a non-homogeneous Markov process are detected only by inspections and repair actions are determined by the observed state of the bivariate process. Outperforming maintenance strategies and other classical maintenance policies, the paper aims at minimizing the long-run average maintenance cost per unit time by deriving optimal inspection intervals and a preventive replacement threshold. A numerical example is given to illustrate the proposed model and examine the response of the optimal solutions to system parameters. The model explored here provides the framework for further developments.
    Keywords: Bivariate process, Markov process, Hidden failures, inspection, Maintenance
  • Abouzar Bazyari * Pages 165-196
    This paper presents two new insurance risk models for analyzing the ruin probabilities. Firstly, we restrict ourselves to the classical risk model contains heavy-tailed distribution of individual net losses and changeable premium income rates. Under certain technical assumptions, some asymptotic expansions and recursive formulas are obtained for the ruin probabilities. In the second risk model, we assume that the different classes of the portfolio business are dependent and compute the finite time ruin probability based on the discretization of the distribution function. We present some numerical examples in the portfolio of business and show that the value of ruin probability increases as dependence level increases. Moreover, the sensitivity of the results are investigated with respect to the parameters of  Weibull and Exponential distributions.
    Keywords: Classical Risk Model, Dependence structure, Fourier transform method, Heavy-tailed distribution, Ruin probability
  • Ghobad Saadat Kia (Barmalzan), Kiomars Motarjem *, Ali Akbar Hosseinzadeh Pages 197-216
    Bathtub shaped failure rate distributions are of special interest in reliability theory, survival analysis and many other fields. The so-called power Gompertz distribution is one of the popular lifetime distributions that possesses the bathtub shaped failure rate function. In this paper, we study some stochastic comparisons results for extreme order statistics from dependent powered Gompertz distributed random variables under Archimedean copula. The study has been carried out in the sense of the usual stochastic order and the dispersive order.
    Keywords: Powered Gompertz distribution, Order statistics, $k$-out-of-$n$ Systems, Majorization orders, Stochastic Orders, Archimedean copula
  • Somayeh Abbasi *, Mohammad Hossein Alamatsaz Pages 217-231
    In this paper, we stochastically compare Harris family distributions having random tilt parameter with Harris family distributions having fixed tilt parameter. We also study certain preservation properties of mixtures of Harris family of distributions with regards to their baseline distributions. Comparison tools are various types of orderings, such as the usual, shifted, proportional and shifted proportional stochastic orderings. Several previous findings, regarding Marshall-Olkin family, follow as special cases of our results. We shall also fit a new Harris model to a real data set to illustrate the usefulness of our comparisons.
    Keywords: Marshall-Olkin distribution, Proportional stochastic ordering, Shifted stochastic ordering, Shifted proportional stochastic ordering, usual stochastic ordering, Reliability function
  • Faranak Goodarzi * Pages 233-250
    In this article, we obtain an upper bound for the variance of a function of the residual life random variable for discrete lifetime distributions. As a special case, we find an upper bound for residual varentropy. Moreover we characterize some discrete distributions by Cauchy-Schwarz inequality. We also get new expressions, bounds and stochastic comparisons involving measures in reliability and information theory.
    Keywords: Characterization, Discrete aging intensity, Discrete cumulative residual entropy, Discrete mean residual life function, Discrete residual varentropy, Discrete Variance Residual Life Function, hazard rate