فهرست مطالب

پژوهشگران فرهنگ - پیاپی 30 (بهار و تابستان 1391)
  • پیاپی 30 (بهار و تابستان 1391)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1391/10/11
  • تعداد عناوین: 11
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  • Dr. Sayyed Hamidreza Alavi Page 11
    It might be that “death” has never been discussed as much as “life.” Thus, the concept of thanatology and its position in Islamic education, requires more serious investigation. The goal of this research is to identify the characteristics of death from the Qur’an and Nahj al-Balaghah’s viewpoint, and then deduce the effects and results of them in education. In other words, the major objective of this research is to study the principles of Islamic education on thanatology and clarify their relevant educational implications. To accomplish this goal, a descriptive- analytical research method has been in the form of a theoretical, qualitative and library research. The results of the research show that, from the viewpoint of the Qur’an and Nahj al-Balaghah, it is possible to determine such characteristics as the followings for death: death is for all people, death may occur wherever, death has its definite time, death is God’s definite command, death includes all the universe, death makes one eternal (the martyrs), death is fearful (for the bad), death is taking one’s spirit (not destruction). It is also possible to deduce the relevant educational implications according to each of these characteristics.
    Keywords: Quran, Nahj al Balaghah, Thanatology, The principles of education, Educational implications
  • Dr.Abdolreza Mohammad Hosseinzadeh, Dr. Ali Arefi Page 47
    Imam Khomeini’s thoughts which certainly arise from Islamic science aspects and Islamic culture development, have challenged the dominant debate of modern thought in the twenty century and revived spirituality and reiigious thought which had no position in it. He raised a new hope in the heart of Islamic movement and people by his words, writings, works, ministrations, and resistance which caused the Islamic vigilance, Based on this vigilance the magnificent Islamic Revolution happened and became a prime point for indigent People to confront the despotic powers; it deciares the achievement of resistance literature-meaning; the freedorm of all indigent people-which is the true dream of that righteous revolutionary and great man who said’…. As if the world will be prepared for a dawn…” (Mousavi Khomeini, 2000, vol. 17, pp 4800481); So, this great man is worthy of studyinf his oral and written literature in the fields of Islamic vigilance and describing its undemoab;e rp;e amd [psotopm/
    Keywords: Islamic vigilance, Imam khoeini, Resistance Ilterature, The issue of revolution
  • Dr. Enayatollah Sharif Pour Page 71
    In the Islamic and Iranian culture, writing has been commended so much and since a long time ago Iranians have honored teachers and authors. There are some evidences about Iran’s culture in both the ancient and Islamic periods that show the importance of writing and the outstanding position of teachers. During the history, the kings and khalifs considered the teachers too much and perceived the government’s need for educated teachers. So, from a political point of view, teachers had a high authority, honor and also an important role in running the country’s affairs. With respect to the importance of teaching from a cultural, social and political point of view, in this article it has been tried to examine the important position of teaching in Iranian and Islamic culture and study the related principles.
    Keywords: Teaching, Principles, Iran, Islam
  • Masoomeh Mohaghegh Page 89
    The relationship between religion and government has been always one of the most important and challenging issues which the kings of Iran during the Islamic period were - are – faced to. In a manner that politicians take different approaches toward religion when they are establishing their power even if they take power by claiming to support the religion. So this article aims to study this relationship during the kerman Seljuk kings era and analyze it’s 150 years-old process. This survey has been done in qualitative method. The results have shown that the relationship between monarchy and religion have had different phases in the mentioned era that could be divided to four periods: the first stage is when the monarchy is powerful and the religion is fading away; the second stage is when the monarchy is paying attention to the religion gradually, the third stage is when the religion is arising and the monarchy was completely at the religion’s services and the last stage is when the religion is dying and dying monarchy as well.
    Keywords: kerman, Seljuks, Monarchy institution, Religion
  • Davood Mohammad Hassani, Dr. Reza Kordi Page 125
    The present research has studied those methods that villagers who live in the south eastern desert of Iran have examined to be safe from different human dangers and decrease natural disasters and applied them in traditional house construction and management. The sample society of this research is Motaharabad village located in the north of Kerman province, This research paper is a historical anthropologic one which has utilized field study, observation and interview. The results show that the inhabitant's mutual trust to each other that is caused by their religious beliefs and close social relationships, has an undeniable role in creating security sense in the village. Also, observing some safety points in house construction with respect to the facilities and capacity of ancient times has been applied to decrease natural dangers. For example walls thickness, constructing watercourse and dome-shaped ceilings has an important role in decreasing the danger of earthquake and collapsing caused by longtime rainfalls. Furthermore, it has been applied parapet to avoid falling out of roof, wooden dorook1 to avoid falling in to the well during drilling and then wood, plank or slab and also thorn for blocking it. With respect to the lack of castle and tower in this village and it's location on a plain area, they could not fight with bandits by arms or weapons. So, by becoming aware of bandit's attack to the neighbor villages people had to hide their valuables. They decreased the risk of plunder by keeping them in the warehouse, under the soil and the bottom of the well (for copper vessels). Cultural Researchers Quarterly. No 30, Eleventh year, Spring & Summer 2012/p14 In spite of the defects it was used Koot, which was an old wooden lock, as a protective instrument. But afterwards it was used a kind of lock named Shabband to provide further safety for households. It was used a kind of two-door cupboard to protect their valuables.
    Keywords: Traditional houses, safety, Anthropology, Kerman, Villages of Iran
  • Dr. Soodeh Maghsoodi Page 145
    Sheikhieh sect appeared in the middle of 13th century by the appearance of Sheikh Amad Ahsaee and has a 160 year background. This sect is a branch of Esna – Ashari1 Shiite that has differences in the principles of religion with that. This article tries to study the history of this sect minority appearance, social and demographic characteristics, religious principles and beliefs, historical and social reasons of this sect development in Kerman city. The other goals of this study are about the communicative way of Kermanian people with Sheikhieh, peaceful coexistence reasons of Kermanians with it, political and social rights, forced deprivations and oppressions on this minority in Iran. On the other hand, it was tried to study the religion of this sect from the viewpoint of sociological theories. The method of this study is based on the documents and books, interview with clergies and the leaders of this sect and also ordinary people along with direct observation technique. The findings of this study showed that this sect, by considering the religious sociological theories, is a religion and has communication and interaction with the majority group (jurists)2 in all cultural – social and economical backgrounds. Sheikhieh contains about %7 of Kerman population and have the social – political rights like the Esna – Ashari Shiite. The partisans (supporters) of this sect know themselves as the Shiite (believing in the 12 Imams) and follow their religion principles severely. In the past, they were rejected and hurt by the Shiite society due to their special believes to the resurrection day, justice (equity), Imamate 3 and ascension (to heaven). But today, religious similarities with the majority, suitable economical situation and high social rank (esteem) are the peaceful coexistence reasons of Kermanians with this sect.
    Keywords: Peaceful coexistence, Minority, Sheikhieh, Kerman
  • Dr. Vahideh Abolhassanizadeh, Dr. Azadeh Sharifi Moghaddam Page 185
    Onomatopoeic words are the set of signs with a kind of similarity, analogy or motivation between signifier and signified. These forms are also distinguished from symbols in other ways, some of them are universal and some others are culture specific. Due to their systematic nature, they can be studied with respect to their phonological, morphosyntactic, categorical and suprasegmental features. The aim of this article is to study the internal and external motivations in Onomatopoeic words in Kermani variety. The data was gathered from all the available texts on Kermani dialect which was then analyzed. The results showed that Onomatopoeic words are different from symbolic words systematically as a result of a general tendency. In these words, a number of certain sounds or their combinations are in harmony with certain meanings or concepts in the experimental world. Moreover, these forms can be categorized into different types related to the concepts of nature, animals, emotions, bewaring, and quantity.
    Keywords: Onomatopoeic Words, Semantic Features, Internal Iconicity, External Iconicity
  • Mahdieh Shamsaddin Saeed, Dr. Abbas Kasraeian Page 205
    The relation between child and mother causes a kind of attachment. The increasing evidences show that the child's future lifestyle for facing new experiments relates to the quality of his attachment to the mother. The goal of this research is to study the relation between the offered services by Welfare office to unsupervised or bad-supervised children and educational improvement. Therefore, among the children who are under the supervision of the Welfare office and receive these services, a sample of 137 ones has been chosen accidentally, a questionnaire prepared and attachment style performed. The achieved data has been analyzed by the descriptive (average, standard deviation, frequency and percentage) and inferential (Chi-squared) methods. The results show that: there isnt a meaningful relation between learning life style and educational improvement in the sample group. There is a meaningful relation between receiving monthly subsidy, educational consulting, private class and educational improvement. There is a meaningful relation between receiving subsidy and attachment styles but no meaningful relation between private class, educational consulting and attachment styles.
    Keywords: Monthly subsidy, Private class, Learning life skills, Educational consulting, Attachment styles, Educational improve ment
  • Zhila Kakapour Page 231
    Satire is a kind of literature works which presents the unsightliness and defects of somebody or something indirectly and without and frankness. Expressing the defects in the form of satire has just a reformist and social aspects and does not mean to ridicule, taking revenge or causing to laugh merely. With the purpose of reforming the satirist makes a serious, painful and bitter laugh to warn the sinners and tries to remove the defects and unpleasantness of a person or a group of society. In the south of Kerman province oral satire as an effective weapon always face with unpleasantnesses. In the last two decades, with the emergence and flourish of local publications, this cultural element has manifested itself in the local publications, books and totally in the written culture of this area as a weapon and place of artistic creation for poets and authors. This article tries to explain satire and examine its’ position in the oral and written culture of the south in Kerman province and also study the role and influence of satire in the folklore as an effective element in the face of cultural, social, Economic and political unpleasanttnesses.
    Keywords: Satire, Satire background in the south of Kerman province, Oral satire, Written satire
  • Motahareh Kamranzadeh, Dr. Morteza Zarreparvar Page 257
    In every tradition (birth, marriage, death and…)God’s religions have their own culture and ceremonies; sometimes, the existence of them causes the difference between religions and people. The present research studies the burial ceremonies of Zoroastrians living in Kerman. These ceremonies consist of: reading Avesta, washing ceremoniously, shrouding, saying prayer, putting the body in a coffin, and finally putting it in the grave. After burial they have some ceremonies such as spreading a dinner cloth called Ravan, Porseh1, fasting and anniversary. The aim of this research is to study burial ceremonies of Zoroastrians living in Kerman. In this research it is applied interview, library and field (collaborative observation) method. The statistical society of the research is the Zoroastrians living in Kerman.
    Keywords: Zoroaster, Avesta, Burial, Gohan, Koshti