فهرست مطالب

  • سال هفتم شماره 2 (پیاپی 24، تابستان 1386)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1386/05/10
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Touraj Hashemi Nosrat Abad, Alireza Moradi, Valiullah Farzad, Hossein Kaviani Page 129
    Objective
    A three-dimensional instructional intervention (self-regulation of attentional behaviors, self-regulation of motivational behaviors, and verbal selfinstruction) was conducted to ameliorate ADHD (attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder) symptoms.
    Method
    60 third grade male students with ADHD were screened and diagnosed using CSI-4 and DSM-4 criteria. The subjects were trained to apply the mentioned cognitive skills, and then a follow-up study was done.
    Results
    The results display a significant difference for pretest-post test, and followup treatments (P<0.01). Post hoc analysis indicates that self-regulation of attentional behaviors had a more considerable effect in comparison with the other two treatments.
    Conclusion
    These findings suggest that teaching cognitive instructions to children with ADHD can improve ADHD symptoms.
    Keywords: ADHD, Self, regulation, Attentional behaviors, Motivational behaviors
  • Ania Zolmajd, Ahmad Borjali, Khadijeh Arian Page 155
    Objective
    The purpose of the present investigation is to study the impact of sand play therapy.
    Method
    Using a multi-stage random sampling method, fourteen 11- year old students with aggressive behaviors were recruited by teachers’ reports and administrating Aggressive Behavior Checklist.
    Results
    t-student analysis revealed that sand play therapy could decrease aggressive behaviors.
    Conclusion
    some non-verbal techniques, such as sand play therapy, could be used to help children with aggressive behaviors.
    Keywords: Sand play therapy, Aggressive behaviors, Non, verbal techniques
  • Gholamali Afrooz, Ghavam Moltafet Page 169
    Objective
    This study investigates the effect of self-regulation skills on academic performance among high school students with vision loss.
    Method
    For this purpose, all of 120 students from Shorideh School for Blind Students were recruited and randomly assigned into control and experiment groups. Motivation and Learning Strategies Questionnaire (MSLQ), and a biology test were administered as the pretest for the two groups. The experiment group received 8 sessions of training for self-regulation skills. A follow-up was conducted for the groups after 1 month.
    Results
    Variance analysis with repeated measures manifested a significant difference between the two groups. This means that the experimental group performance in biology was improved. The follow-up study showed that the effect was still maintained after the time.
    Conclusion
    This study confirmed that selfregulation skills can improve the academic performance in high school students with vision loss.
    Keywords: Vision loss, Self, regulation, Academic performance
  • Roghaye Asgari, Fearydoun Yaryari Page 187
    Objective
    On the basis of Wilkins (2003) theory of dysfunction of visual pathway color perception, this quasi-experiment study attempts to assess the effect of the developed software on reduction of visual perception errors in students with dyslexia.
    Method
    40 students aging 6.7 to 9.10, from first, second and third elementary grades were selected and matched. Milaad Educational Software and Fernald traditional method were administered respectively for the experimental and control groups. Reading ability was evaluated by Reading Inventory (Pouretemad, 2001).
    Results
    t-student analysis revealed that the experimental group showed an improvement in reading comprehension, speed and reduction of errors rather than the control group. Furthermore, the size effect estimation displayed that 22% of correct word reading variance, 21% of errors of reading variance, 27% of reading speed, and 14% of comprehension variance could be explained by the effect of Milaad software.
    Conclusion
    Milaad newly developed educational software could be utilized for specific instructional purposes for students with dyslexia.
    Keywords: Milaad software, reading, dyslexia, color vision
  • Mohammad Narimani, Sajjad Basharpoor Page 211
    Objective
    This research was conducted in order to comparing some memory components in Students with and without vision loss.
    Method
    The sample consisted of 38 students aging 16 to 20, studying in Ardabil high schools. Utilizing Wechsler memory scale, mental control, logical memory, reversed repetition, and word association were evaluated.
    Results
    MANOVA analysis revealed that students with vision loss had better abilities in mental control, logical memory, and word association subtests. No significant difference was observed for reverse repetition.
    Conclusion
    We can probably conclude that students with vision loss show good capabilities on tasks requiring listening skills and attention.
    Keywords: Vision loss, Memory, Listening skills
  • Pejman Bakianian Vaziri, Marjaneh Meschi Page 225
    Objective
    The purpose of this study was to assess DMFT and periodontal (CPITN) indices of down’s syndrome patients.
    Method
    The study was carried out In Down syndrome patients by referring to MR centers of Hamadan, dental caries was scored according to evaluation criteria of WHO about DMFT and CPITN.
    Results
    18 famale (48.6%) and 19 male (51.4%) have been evaluated in our study,62% were 9- 12 y/o and 38% 13-17 y/o. CPITN was 1 in 73% and 2in 27%. In 72% of females CPITN was 1 and in 28% was 2.In 74% of males, CPITN was 1 in 26% was 2. DMFT was 6.7 and 6.1 In females and males respectively The mean DMFT of the subjects was 6.4.
    Conclusion
    The study showed that patients with Down syndrome had a high prevalence of caries and gingivitis in Hamedan. So it is nessesary to precise and repeated oral health education, periodic control and dental treatments. Also preparing financial and equipment facilities is required.
    Keywords: DMFT, CPITN, Down syndrome