Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables based on Constructs of Transtheoretical Model in Women Referred to Health Centers of Bandar Abbas
Abstract:
Introduction
Fruits and vegetables consumption plays an important role in human health and prevention of disease. This study aimed to determine consumption of fruits and vegetables based on constructs of Transtheoretical Model in women referred to Health Centers of Bandar Abbas.
Methods
In this analytical - descriptive study, 383 women who referred to Health Centers of Bandar Abbas recruited through cluster sampling. Data were collected using a questionnaire which consisted of two sections, namely, demographic characteristics and structures of Transtheoretical Model. Data were analyzed by SPSS 19 software and One – way ANOVA and linear trends as statistical tests.
Results
The majority of subjects were in maintenance stage and the lowest percentage in contemplation stage of fruit and vegetable consumption. Significant differences were found for decisional balance, self-efficacy and cognitive and behavioral processes scores across the five stages of change for vegetable consumption. Similar results were observed for fruit consumption with the exception of behavioral processes.
Conclusion
Existence of a significant relationship between the decisional balance, self-efficacy and processes of change with stages of change indicative the importance and impact of these structures in behavior change of fruits and vegetables consumption. It is suggested that training programs based on TTM to promote the consumption of fruits and vegetables are considered these structures.
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume:2 Issue:4, 2016
Pages:
1 - 13
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