Study of possibility of donor's revocation of donation to grandchildren
In donation contract, the principle is that donor can refer to given property and to take its possession. This principle has some exceptions. One of these exceptions is “donation to children”, which is irrevocable in accordance with the first paragraph of article 803 of civil law. Most of the civil law’s writers believe that judgment about donation to children include the donation to grandchildren, therefore donor cannot revoke of donation to his grandchildren. Study of origin of the first paragraph of article 803 in jurisprudence, in the subject of “donation to relatives”, shows that conforming to the well-known opinion of jurisprudents, donor cannot revoke of donation to all of his “relatives by blood”. On the basis of this view, donation to the bloody grandchildren is irrevocable and donation to foster grandchildren is revocable. Furthermore; remembers that what is in the consensus of jurisprudents, is exclusively the irrevocability of donation to father, mother and donor’s children. So it seems that in order to adherence to the principle and abstaining from extension of exception, legislative has contended to the certain level-consensual opinion of jurisprudents-so we cannot follow the most writers and say that the mentioned provision include the donation to grandchildren. Therefore, donation to bloody grandchildren and foster grandchildren is revocable.
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