An Introduction to the Concept of Privacy and How it is Realized in the House Life-World1 Comparative Study in Pre-modern and Modern Iranian Houses
Privacy, as the process in which humans regulate their relation with the others and achieve the experience of introspection, can be reached in the ‘house’ more than everywhere else. This phenomenon and its realization in the life world of house is studied and analyzed in this essay. There are various definitions of privacy from different points of view, but they mostly confirm that privacy is a spectrum as a concept. The basic hypothesis of this research is that failing to pay attention to the spectrum-like nature of privacy in designing living spaces especially ‘houses’, has on many occasions caused such spaces to be built by considering only one aspect of such concept. ‘Individual privacy’ and ‘collective (group) privacy’ are on both extremes of the privacy spectrum and two equal aspects of one nature, and they must be considered simultaneously for the optimum realization of privacy. Giving priority to either of the aspects or ignoring each of them can result in mental or social damages and turn the atmosphere of the house into an ineffective place in the extensive provision of the needs of the residents. Assuming a qualitative approach on the basis of interpretive historical method, this research has analyzed the realization of privacy spectrum in the two groups of pre-modern and modern Iranian houses. According to studies, a one dimensional/one faceted approach to the spectrum nature of the privacy in either group of the houses has led to the elimination of some territories. So either of personal/ individual identity and collective identity is bold in one of these two groups of houses. Therefore, the all inclusive consideration of privacy spectrum and trying to achieve all of its aspects can be considered a comprehensive approach.
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