Understanding, analyzing and reducing the vulnerability to earthquakes (Case Study of East Golestan Neighborhood Unit: Tehran District 22)
Background and ObjectiveThe study of seismic vulnerability and providing vulnerability reduction strategies are the important issues. Therefore, this paper deals with the study, analysis and strategies for reducing seismic vulnerability in a neighborhood from the eastern Golestan area in Tehran's 22nd district. For this purpose, this paper has been written with the aim of reducing losses in an earthquake, identifying the vulnerability of the case study, identifying the safe and dangerous points of the case study and providing identification and evacuation maps in the area.
MethodThe method used in this research is a descriptive-analytical method of survey type. At first, to gather information resources is needed. Different methods such as observation have been used to collect data. Mapping, imaging and GIS maps have also been used. Library resources, including articles, books, reports, written documents, and valid electronic sites are used for finding the solutions.
Findings: Seismic vulnerability reduction strategies are divided into three categories: structural, non-structural, and managerial solutions. The results of the research show that in addition to the measures to reduce the structural and non-structural vulnerability in the neighborhood, management solutions and the role of education and readiness of people in a disaster like earthquake are very important. Also, using simple and efficient methods, non-structural components can be resilient to the disasters such as earthquakes.
ConclusionInstallation of fire alarm sirens, fire extinguishers, signs and evacuation marks in routes, signboards indicating safe and dangerous places, reinforcement of fittings in urban furniture, reduction of glass surfaces As far as possible in the walls of the building and the use of plastic and laminate layers to prevent it from falling and crushing the glasses, along with the attention to management solutions, the amount of damage at the level of the neighboring unit is minimized.
Journal of Disaster Prevention and Management Knowledge, Volume:8 Issue:3, 2018
241 - 254
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