Explaining the Concepts of “Composition” and “De-composition” in Ṭughrāʾī’s Keys of Mercy and Secret of Wisdom
The alchemist Muʾyid al-Dīn Ṭughrāʾī (Born in 1061), in two chapters of a treatise to him, entitled Keys of Mercy and Secret of Wisdom (Mafātīḥ al-Raḥma wa Asrār al-Ḥikma) explains the concepts of “composition” and “de-composition”. These concepts, alongside two other concepts of “compounding” and “de-compounding”, are the principle concepts of Ṭughrāʾī’s alchemy. Any process which transforms alchemical, physical or mechanical properties of Materials (Metals), needs decomposition and composition. Ṭughrāī’s account of these two is unique and more detailed than those found in earlier alchemical texts. Moreover, Ṭughrāʾī defines some empirical concepts that can be quantified and measured. This paper contains a review of Ṭughrāʾī’s definition, explanations and division of these concepts based on the treatise Keys of mercy and Secret of Wisdom and tries to underline his innovations in conceptualization.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
History of Science, Volume:14 Issue:2, 2016
175 - 199
روش‌های دسترسی به متن این مطلب
اشتراک شخصی
در سایت عضو شوید و هزینه اشتراک یک‌ساله سایت به مبلغ 300,000ريال را پرداخت کنید. همزمان با برقراری دوره اشتراک بسته دانلود 100 مطلب نیز برای شما فعال خواهد شد!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی همه کاربران به متن مطالب خریداری نمایند!