Comparison of the effectiveness between treatment based on improving quality of life and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on increasing happiness of female teachers
Message:
Abstract:
Aim
The present research aimed to compare the effectiveness of therapy based on improving quality of life (QoL) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on increasing the happiness of female teachers.
Method
Research method was quasi-experimental using pretest, post-test and a three month follow up with control group. The statistical population included all 800 married female teachers who were working in the City of Abhar Education Authority in the academic year 2017-18. 260 participants were selected by systematic random sampling and responded to the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire )Argyle, Martin, and Krassland, 1989( and then from the 124 who scored below 43, 45 subjects were selected randomly and divided into three groups, consisting of 15 participants each. One group received ACT Hayes & Strosahl (2010(; another group received QoL based therapy Frish (2016) and a third received no therapy at all (the control group). Participants took part in eight sessions of 90 minutes duration each held once a week. Data was analyzed using mixed analysis of variance with repeated measures.
Results
Results showed that both therapy programs significantly increased teachers’ total scores of happiness as well as life satisfaction (F= 94.08), positive mood (F= 19.19), health efficacy (F= 56.68) and self-esteem (F= 48.55) at the 0.01 level. Follow-up analyses showed that these results remained stable after three months. No significant difference was found between the two experimental groups.
Conclusion
Since quality of life therapy emphasizes the promotion of happiness and life satisfaction, and ACT leads to psychological flexibility and commitment, these two methods can be applied as effective intervention methods to increase happiness of teachers.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Applied Psychology, Volume:13 Issue:1, 2019
Pages:
141 - 162
magiran.com/p1972151  
روش‌های دسترسی به متن این مطلب
اشتراک شخصی
در سایت عضو شوید و هزینه اشتراک یک‌ساله سایت به مبلغ 300,000ريال را پرداخت کنید. همزمان با برقراری دوره اشتراک بسته دانلود 100 مطلب نیز برای شما فعال خواهد شد!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی همه کاربران به متن مطالب خریداری نمایند!