Antecedents of Employee Participation in Employer-Supported Volunteering Activities: A Systematic Literature Review
Employer-supported volunteering (ESV) has recently been a topic of growing importance in academic papers and workplaces throughout the world. Regardless of the kind of voluntary program or type of industry, participation in volunteering, in addition to creating a community advantage, has benefits both for employees and employers. The primary purpose of this study is to explore the antecedents of employee participation in ESV. In this regard, by searching for related key words in Scopus and Web of Science databases, 49 quantitative and qualitative articles in English were selected and reviewed and using the CASP tool, the unrelated and non-relevant articles were removed. Research results, based on the 19 final codes obtained from these studies show that the antecedents of ESV can be classified into three categories: individual, organizational, and environmental. At the individual level, the antecedents are demographic factors, self-oriented motivators, values, and personality attributes. Organizational factors include employees' working time, type of organization, size of the organization, organizational culture, meaningfulness of the voluntary project, volunteering program management, employer support and volunteering recognition by the organization. Finally, the pressure of stakeholders and the government's support for ESV are among the environmental factors.
Journal of Management and Development Process, Volume:31 Issue:3, 2018
111 - 150
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