Evaluation of Factors Related to Survival Time in HIV-Infected Persons in Mashhad, Iran, Between 1994 - 2014: A Bayesian Joint Model

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
The prevalence of HIV is increasing in Iran, so obtaining an estimate of the survival of HIV-infected persons can be helpful to prevent and control this infection.
This research aimed to use the Bayesian joint model by which identifies factors associated with the survival and determine the relationship between the trend of CD4+ T cell counts and survival time in HIV-infected persons.
In this retrospective cohort study, we collected HIV/AIDS surveillance data from Mashhad’s Counseling Center of Behavioral Diseases in the province of Khorasan Razavi, Northeast of Iran, during 1994 - 2014. Data collection included variables CD4+ T cells count, survival time, and other related factors. We used the Bayesian joint model to estimate the survival time and identify the factors associated with survival time in HIV-infected persons.
The study included 260 individuals, of whom 212 (81.54%) were male. The survival sub-model of the joint model identified gender (95% credible interval (CI): 0.486, 3.197) and antiretroviral treatment (95% CI: -1.935, -0.641) as the variables associated with the patients’ survival. The longitudinal sub-model, which determined the variables associated with the number of CD4+ T-cells included time (95% CI: -0.934, -0.554), age (95% CI: -0.152, -0.011), and antiretroviral treatment (95% CI: -6.193, -3.505).
Using CD4+ T cells as a covariate in the Bayesian joint model, the survival time for HIV-infected persons was estimated more precisely than separate model and it can be inferred that at the beginning of antiretroviral treatment, especially in men and controls, the CD4+ T cell counts can increase the survival time of HIV-infected persons.
International Journal of Infection, Volume:6 Issue: 3, Jul 2019
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