Recently, the health care sector has been moved towards establishing non-governmental organizations (NGOs); since collaborative approaches are more in these organizations and they provide better services. Hospitals and charity clinics are part of NGO's. These organizations are affected by collaborative management. This collaboration has been conducted in a variety of ways, requiring the investigation of a study with the aim of providing a management pattern of health benefactors’ collaboration in medical sciences universities of Iran..
This is a qualitative and Delphi study conducted in 2017. The study population was all of 13 universities out of 57 universities of medical sciences in Iran which the questionnaire was sent. To obtain experts’ opinion and consensus, using Delphi technique, a questionnaire with initial classifications and subclasses was electronically sent to the social deputy of the universities of medical sciences for three times. Eventually, out of the 13 universities, 10 people collaborated in the Delphi model. The sample of all 13 medical sciences universities in the country that participated in this study was divided into type 1, type 2 and type 3. In order to ensure the consistency of the experts, their responses were analyzed by Kendall correlation analysis in 5 phases, including1. Investigating documents, 2. Determining the type and defining components, 3. Questionnaire results and data collection by using descriptive statistics and excel software, 4. Delphi technique, 5. Suggested pattern. SPSS and Excel software were used to analyze the data.
The findings of this study showed that the factors affecting the participation of the benefactors in the medical sciences universities of Iran include: holding meetings in the beginning of the academic year of the universities, holding meetings in special timeframe, and using benefactors’ financial resources in the research field. The results of Kendall coefficient indicate that by completing the response process from the first to the third stage, the agreement and community opinions were received and analyzed as acceptable, so that the Kendall coefficient was 61% in the first stage. By improving the questionnaire in the second stage, the Kendall coefficient reached 86%, and in the third stage of validation increased to 91%.
According to the results, the factors affecting the organization of health benefactors in medical universities of the country include: 1. Charity hospitals 2. Activated beds, 3. Charity organizations in cities, 4. A new approach to communicate with the university, and 5. Medical and research priorities in benefactors’ collaboration in the university medical sciences that explain an appropriate collaborative management pattern. The management pattern of collaboration can be used to improve the management of health benefactors’ collaboration in Iran Universities of Medical Sciences, and the highest priority to improve its performance depends on the organization and guidance among its members.
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