Professional self-concept is an individual’s perception of self as a professional person which affects his/her thinking, role development and professional functions. Among various professions, some need higher levels of self-concept. The nursing profession has been considered to have a special status in this regard. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine professional self-concept in nurses working in the Intensive Care Units (ICU) in the selected university hospitals of Tehran in 2018-19.
This study was a descriptive-analytical study which was performed on 540 nurses working in the ICU of selected university hospitals in Tehran. Sampling was done randomly. The instruments used in this study included the Demographic Information Questionnaire and the Quinn Professional Self-concept Questionnaire.
The mean score of professional self-concept was 218/36±29/91. The highest and the lowest scores were respectively related to the dimensions of knowledge and leadership with the mean of 43/22±4/76 and 17/23±5/93. Pearson's correlation coefficient between all dimensions of professional self-concept was calculated. The significance level for all dimensions was 0.001. As a result, a significant relationship exists between these dimensions.
Although the ICU nurses gained relatively high scores in professional self-concept, especially in the knowledge dimension, however it was far from ideal. Also, these nurses gained the lowest scores in the leadership dimension which reveals the weakness of nurses in this context. To conclude, it seems more than necessary to train nurses in this field in order to increase their professional self-concept.