Psychological well-being is a predictive factor for preventing or reducing occupational stress one of the important skills that predict and promote psychological well-being is the application of cognitive emotion regulation skills.
The main purpose of this study was to determine the effect of cognitive emotion regulation skills training based on Gross model on the level of psychological well-being of nurses working in psychiatry wards in 2019.
The study was experimental with two groups of intervention and control and pre-test-post-test and follow-up. For the purpose of this study, 62 nurses working in psychiatry departments of public hospitals in Qazvin in 2019 were selected by convenience sampling method based on inclusion criteria and sample size calculations. Simple randomized substitution method was used in 31 patients in the intervention group and 31 in the control group. Findings were collected on the basis of demographic information questionnaire before the intervention and 54-item Reef psychological well-being questionnaire in one pre-test and two post-test (immediately and then three months after the intervention of the intervention group). The intervention group received cognitive emotion regulation training based on Gross Model during 8 sessions of one hour per week. Repeat Measure ANOVA test was used to analyze the data. The results were analyzed by SPSS 24 software.
The findings showed that demographic variables were similar between the intervention and control groups. The mean score of psychological well-being before the intervention in the intervention group was 218.86 and in the control group was 217.87 (P = 0.87), which Immediately after the intervention and then three months thereafter in the intervention group, the change in the intervention group was 249.51 and 244.54, respectively, and in the control group, it was 216/38 and 217, respectively (P = 0.00). Analysis of variance with repeated measures with P = 0.00 for the intervention group and P = 0.42 for the control group showed that the changes in the psychological well-being of the intervention group were due to educational intervention.
The results of this study showed that training of cognitive emotion regulation skills improved the psychological well-being of nurses in psychiatric wards, while before and after the intervention in the control group there was no change. Include in-service training program for nurses.