Acute myocardial infarction is one of the most common causes of mortality, which is associated with various clinical manifestations, and in some cases leads to lack of timely identification. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the clinical features of acute myocardial infarction and gender in patients admitted to educational hospitals in Isfahan City, Iran.
This study was performed on 500 patients with acute myocardial infarction (142 women and 358 men). After obtaining patients' satisfaction and recording demographic data, clinical symptoms and complaints were recorded. Chi-square and t tests were used to compare the data.
The age of heart attacks was lower in women than in men (P < 0.001). Smoking (P < 0.001) and addiction (P < 0.001) in men were more than women, while underlying diseases as risk factor for myocardial infarction were significantly higher in women (P < 0.001). At the time of myocardial infarction, there was no difference in incidence of chest pain as the key diagnostic manifestation of myocardial infarction between two sexes, but the nonspecific symptoms were higher in women than in men (P < 0.001).
It seems that nonspecific symptoms, especially among women, should be taken seriously, and timely diagnostic and therapeutic measures should be performed for them.
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