Investigating Ibn Osfoor's Method in Mothol-al-Moqarrab

The outstanding status of syntax knowledge among other Arabic language sciences is confirmed by all the scholars active on the field of correct reading of the holy Quran and standard listening and speaking of Arabic language. The most crucial signs of this elegant status are the abundance of syntactic writings and their explanations or marginal descriptions, along with the advent of various syntactic schools from the past times. The main motive of scholars in this respect was to write a book simplifying learning of Arabic language grammar. In order to understand these texts and acquire an organized method for writing academic books, we need to become familiar with the authors' style of writing. It is logical to recognize that methodology is the only way to reveal writers’ style and its academic characteristics and to determine a way to the reader to internalize the texts better, thus the real value of the texts will be distinguished. Among syntax book writers, some have written, for some reason, an explanation about their work. One of the beneficial features of this type of explanation on their writings is the similarity of the original text method and its description, as if both of them are one book. This type of writing broadens our view on book methodology. Therefore, in order to investigate these types of explanations which grammarians have written on their writings, ‘Mothol- al- Moqarrab’ written by ‘Ibn Osfoor Eshbilli’ was selected. It is the first type of explanation and one of the most unknown one as well. The present research is based on a descriptive-analytical method and attempts to become acquainted with the content of ‘Mothol- al- Moqarrab’ and ‘Ibn Osfoor’ style for writing it, his syntactic school, the way he organized the chapters and discussions in ‘Moqarrab’, and, finally, the educational value of the description to increase its learning pathways. And one of the most important achievements is the recognition of the manifestations of the teaching method, and the two methods of induction (first proposing instance and then grammatical rule explanation) and exploration (proposing question and answer), along with the avoidance of intellectual definitions and controversy among syntacticians. Ibn Osfoor’s main method in syntax principles is similar to Basrian method.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Research in Arabic Language and Literature, No. 23, 2020
19 - 36  
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